Gardening, Food, & Weather Calendar for Adelaide

January | February | March | April | May | June
July | August | September | October | November | December

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WEATHERZONE:
TODAY'S WEATHER & ASTRONOMICAL INFO.ON ONE PAGE

This page is a rough guide, based on average figures for
ADELAIDE METROPOLITAN REGION & Adelaide Plains.
Exactly when to plant or harvest depends on locality, temperature, & available moisture. Conditions vary widely in our huge State.
As you will see from the weather information, in spite of being in a temperate zone, Adelaide's climate can be extreme,
more so now due to the effects of Global Warming. But given enough water, there is no season when something is not blooming, or producing a harvest.

Mulch is one of the most important components of a successful South Australian garden, because evaporation & transpiration so greatly exceed rainfall for most of the year; more so because of the increased frequency of strong winds, which rapidy dry out exposed soil even in cool weather.

This Calendar is an ongoing project, and I would greatly appreciate
feedback and additional information.
I would particularly like to reduce the number of ornamentals listed, and increase the natives and vegetables.
While I do my best to update temperature and rainfall records as new figures become available, I cannot guarantee to do this as often as I would like. When I do, I copy figures from the BOM website, and their averages are based on records from 1977 to the previous year. Older records, especially those from the 19th.century, are felt to be unreliable.

So please DO NOT reproduce any part of this page,
although you are welcome to print it for personal use only.

January

Though often one of the hottest & driest months of the year, recently we have seen more rain than usual in the summer months. Get into the garden early in the morning. Root growth & resilience are encouraged, & sunburn, mildew, & fungal diseases may be avoided by watering the soil, NOT the foliage, as early as you can manage. (Though Citrus trees appreciate an early morning 'shower') Never over-water, nor over-fertilise, or you will get lush growth which wilts & burns easily in the heat. Over-watering will also leach out fertilisers, which is not only wasteful, but, as they end up in the groundwater and our waterways, they cause the algal blooms so common in hot weather.
Water deeply (below the mulch), how often will depend on your soil and what you are growing. Push a finger deeply into the soil to test for moisture.
Reduce stress on fruit & vegetables by harvesting every morning.
Minimise evaporation by keeping up the mulch - it breaks down rapidly in the heat. Shadecloth, straw, or even old umbrellas, can be used to shelter delicate plants during the middle of the day.
Mark Australia Day thoughtfully on 26th.January, remembering what it may signify to our indigenous contemporaries.

Full Moon - 12th. Jan 2017 - 10.03pm.
'New' Moon - 28th.Jan 2017 - 10.37am.

Average temperatures
- Max. 29.4°C. Min.17.2°C.
2017 mean - Max 30.7 °C. Min. 18.2°C.
Highest on record: Max. 45.7°C.- 2009 ; Min.33.9°C.- 2009
Lowest on Record: Max.17.6°C.- 1984 ; Min. 9.2°C.- 1983

Average rainfall -20.1 mm. 2017 - 47.2 mm.
Highest on record - 52.8mm. - 2016
Lowest on Record - 0.4 - 1992
Highest Daily Total - 28.0mm. - 1997

Mean daily evaporation - 7.3mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:
Vegetables - Seeds & Seedlings - Beans (bush), Beetroot, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery Cucumbers, Endive, Lettuces, Parsnips, Radishes, Silverbeet, Swedes, Sweet Corn, Tomatoes, Zucchini.
Seedlings only - Capsicum, Eggplant.
Flowers - Seeds & Seedlings - Ageratum, Alyssum, Marigold, Nasturtium.
Seedlings only - Amaranthus, Aster, Begonia, Celosia, Coleus, Dahlia, Gazania, Gerbera, lmpatiens, Petunia, Phlox, Portulaca, Salvia, Snapdragon, Sunflower, Verbena, Zinnia.
Seeds only - Calendula, Linaria, Pansy, Iceland Poppy, Primula, Stock, Sweet Pea, Viola, Wallflower.
Autumn Flowering Bulbs - Amaryllis belladonna, Brunsvigia, Sternbergia lutea, Colchicum, Zephyranthes candida

LOCAL PRODUCE - cherries, peaches, apricots, nectarines, plums, rockmelons, watermelons, early pears, cape gooseberries, currants, strawberries, passionfruit, early apples, table grapes. Tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, capsicum, eggplant, chillis.

FISHING
Tommy Ruff (all areas); Snapper (all areas); Garfish (all areas); Squid (Jetties); Victor Harbor Mullet (Southern Beaches); Tuna (West Coast); Mulloway (Coorong).

EVENTS
Port Lincoln Tunarama celebrates the opening of the tuna fishing season.
Schutzenfest - a cultural celebration reminiscent of the days when our European ancestors hunted their meat. Also involving the sampling of many kinds of beer!

February

While in February extreme heat may last for several days at a time, daylength reduces faster now Lammas (Feb.2nd.) is past, & the sun is noticeably lower in the sky.
Continue watering and harvesting as for January, but give particular attention to surface rooters, such as citrus, avocados, and Kiwi fruit. They may require extra water, and increased mulching, but make sure the soil remains well-drained.
Plants and trees in containers need to be checked daily for moisture, even if it has rained. Water them moderately if the soil is dry an inch below the surface. If the water goes straight through, the soil has dried out, and the container will need to be placed in a tub of water for several hours until the soil is wet again, and the gap between the pot and soil has been eliminated. Containers should have good drainage, and the 'saucers' should be filled with sand or gravel to prevent mosquitos breeding in them.
Adelaide's Fringe Festival begins this month, and continues into March.

Full Moon - 11th. Feb 2017; 11.02am.
'New' Moon - 27th.Feb 2017; 1.28am.

Average temperatures
- Max. 29.4°C. Min.17.3°C.
2017 mean - Max.28.7°C. Min.17.0°C.
Highest on record: Max. 44.7°C.- 2014 ; Min.31.1°C.-1983
Lowest on Record: Max.18.3°C.- 1993 ; Min. 9.5°C.- 1993

Average rainfall - 15.8mm. 2017 - 33.4mm.
Highest on record - 98.2mm. - 2014
Lowest on Record - 0 - several
Highest Daily Total - 75.2mm. - 2014

Mean daily evaporation - 6.7mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:
Vegetables - Seeds & Seedlings: Beans (bush), Beetroot, Broccoli, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Cucumbers, Endive, Lettuces, Radish, Silverbeet, Spinach, Swedes, Turnip, Zucchini.
Potatoes can be planted out now. Use whole, small seed potatoes. Sprout them first by placing them under a wet bag until the eyes start to grow (about 10-14 days).
Flowers - Seeds & Seedlings: Ageratum, Alyssum, Dianthus, Everlasting Daisy, Nasturtium.
Seedlings only: Amaranthus, Aster, Begonia, Celosia, Gazania, lmpatiens, African Marigold, Petunia, Phlox, Salvia, Snapdragon, Verbena, Zinnia.
Seeds only: Aquilegia, Arctotis, English Daisy, Calendula, Cineraria, Cornflower, Delphinium, Hollyhock, Linaria, Mesembryanthemum, Lobelia, French Marigold, Nemesia, Pansy, Polyanthus, Iceland Poppy, Primula, Stock, Sweet Pea, Viola, Wallflower.
Tropical plants including Hibiscus, Frangipani, Bougainvillea and Passionfruit should be planted soon to give them a good start before the cool weather arrives.

LOCAL PRODUCE - apricots, peaches, plums, pears, blackberries & their cultivars, raspberries, passionfruit, early varieties of apple, table grapes, early almonds.

FISHING
Garfish (all areas); Jumping (Blue-Nose) Mullet (Local Beaches); Mulloway (Coorong);Squid (Jetties); Tuna (West Coast); Snook (all areas); Snapper (in limited numbers);Yellowfin Whiting (all beaches)

March

March is the time to harvest everything that's ripe, and distribute and/or preserve all surplus.
It can still get really hot, but the days are getting shorter as the sun swiftly descends towards the Autumn Equinox, around the 21st., when day and night are of equal length.
In an La Nina year we can see higher than usual rainfall, & sub-tropical plants love the combination of even daylength & abundant moisture, making extraordinary growth.
This is a good time to fertilise all trees, shrubs & perennials, preferably with organic manure and compost. Keep the mulch good and thick, evaporation rates are still extreme. Continue watering, (but do not overwater) productive trees, stress at this time will adversely affect the next season's crop, while too much water will produce unwanted leafy growth.
Plant evergreens, including trees, shrubs, perennials & natives while the soil is still warm.
Womad is usually held early in March, in Adelaide's Botanic Park.

Full Moon - 13th.Mar 2017; 1.23am.
'New' Moon - 28th. Mar 2017 - 1.27pm
Autumn Equinox 20th.March 2017 - 10pm.

Average temperatures
- Max. 26.4°C. Min.15.3°C.
2017 mean - Max.29.3°C. Min.17.4°C.
Highest on record: Max. 41.9°C.- 1986 ; Min.30.2°C.- 2008
Lowest on Record: Max.15.6°C.- 1999 Min.7.2°C.- 1984

Average rainfall - 27.4mm. 2017 - 39.4mm.
Highest on record - 106.0mm. - 1983
Lowest on Record - 0. - several
Highest Daily Total 51.8mm. - 1985

Mean daily evaporation - 4.9mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:
This is the time to plant Citrus, Avocado,&Olive trees,while the soil is still warm. It's also a good time to plant native trees & shrubs, and all evergreens.
Vegetables - Seeds & Seedlings: Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Celery, Silverbeet. Seedlings - Beetroot, Brussel Sprouts.
Seeds only: Broad Beans, Parsnips, Peas, Turnip.
Evergreen trees, shrubs and climbing plants - plant out now while the ground is still warm.
Winter and Spring flowering bulbs - Anemones, Bluebells, Daffodils, Freesia, Hyacinth, Iris, lxia, Lachenalia, Narcissus, Ranunculas, Sparaxis, Scilla, Tritonia, Grape Hyacinth.
Flowers - Seed & Seedlings: Ageratum, Alyssum, Aquilegia (Columbine), Arctotis, English Daisy, Calendula, Carnation, Cineraria, Cornflower, Delphinium, Dianthus, Everlasting Daisy, Hollyhock, Godetia, Gypsophila, Linaria, Mesembryanthemum, Lobelia, French Marigold, Nemesia, Pansy, Polyanthus, Iceland Poppy, Primula, Snapdragon, Stock, Sweet Pea, Viola, Wallflower.
Seedlings only: Begonia, Impatiens.

LOCAL PRODUCE
Apples of all kinds, pears, late season stone fruits, berry fruits, melons, figs, raisins, pistachios, macadamias. Pumpkins, tomatos, eggplant, zucchini, capsicums, chillis.

FISHING
Catfish (all areas); Mullet (Southern and Local Beaches); Mulloway (Coorong and Murray' Mouth); Whiting (Upper Gulf St Vincent).

April

Now the Autumn Equinox is past, and daylight saving has ended, (at 3am on the first Sunday) we get our mornings back. April mornings are among the loveliest of the year; sunrise is always beautiful, but in April it is at it's best. Sunset too!
Daytime temperatures are usually very pleasant; rain is more likely, especially over the settled and agricultural areas of the State.The first frosts of the year can occur inland.
The olive harvest begins, continuing throughout autumn and winter.

Easter most often occurs this month - Easter Day is the first Sunday after the first Full Moon after the Autumn Equinox. Orthodox Easter may occur later in some years, so check this out. While Easter is a Spring festival in the Northern Hemisphere, April is so often a time of new & renewed growth here in Adelaide that the timing does not seem innappropriate.
ANZAC day on the 26th. reminds us of the desperate need for peace in the world.

Full Moon - 11th.Apr. 2017 - 3.38pm.
'New' Moon - 26th. Apr. 2017 - 9.46pm

Average temperatures
- Max. 22.7°C. Min.12.5°C.
2017 mean - Max.23.3°C. Min.13.3°C.
Highest on record: Max. 36.9°C.- 2005 Min.26.6°C.- 2005.
Lowest on Record: Max.13.3°C.-1982. Min. 4.3°C.- 1999.

Average rainfall - 40.1mm. 2017 - 33.2 mm.
Highest on record - 105.6mm. - 1998
Lowest on Record - 0.8mm. - 1981
Highest Daily Total - 39.0mm. - 1997

Mean daily evaporation - 3.1mm

WHAT TO PLANT:
Vegetables - Seeds & Seedlings: Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Celery; Endive, Lettuce, Peas, Silverbeet, Spinach.
Seeds - Broad Beans, White Onions, Turnip.
Herbs can be grown from seed now, either in the open garden or in pots.
Flowers - Seeds & Seedlings: Ageratum, Alyssum. Aquilegia, Arctotis, English Daisy, Calendula, Carnation, Cineraria, Cornflower, Delphinium, Dianthus, Everlasting Daisy, Hollyhock, Linaria, Mesembryanthemum, French Marigold, Nemesia, Pansy, Polyanthus, Iceland Poppy, Primula, Snapdragon, Stock, Sweet Pea, Viola, Wallflower.
Bulbs - Anemone, Bluebells, Daffodils, Dutch Iris, Freesias, Hyacinths, Jonquils, Lachenalias, Muscari, Ranunculas, Sparaxis, Tritonias.
For a good show of flowers, complete spring bulb planting this month, except Tulips, they do best planted in May.

LOCAL PRODUCE
Figs, apples, pears, late season table grapes, pistachios, macadamias, early persimmons, and kiwi fruit. Early mandarins, Washington Navels.

FISHING
Whiting (all areas); Garfish (all areas); Blue-nose Mullet (Local Beaches); Salmon (West Coast, Coorong, Salt Creek); Mulloway (Coorong Entrance); Snapper (Cape Jervis, Backstairs Passage).

May

May Eve marks the true beginning of winter. Here in the south it is the equivalent of the Northern Samhain or All Soul's Day.
It can be cold, wet and windy, while frosts become more frequent, especially along the Ranges and in the Murray Mallee.
The sun is noticeably lower in the sky, and rises and sets further North.
Mushrooms & toadstools are appearing; it is a pity that the "improvement' of grass in parks &s; reserves has resulted in the eradication of most edible fungi. The only survivor of these applications of chemical fertilisers & weedkillers is the Yellow-staining mushroom, which, while not seriously toxic, smells unpleasant when cooked, & produces gastric upsets in most people.
Spring bulbs are pushing up their leaves, and many flowers, both native & exotic, are already in bloom, as are the loquat trees.
The May Full Moon is the Buddhist festival of Wesak.

Full Moon - 11th.May 2017 - 7.12am.
'New' Moon - 26th. 2017 - 5.14am

Average temperatures
- Max. 19.0°C. Min.10.3°C.
2017 mean - Max.19.2°C. Min. 9.4°C.
Highest on record: Max. 31.1°C.- 2013. Min.21.1°C.- 1987.
Lowest on Record: Max.11.3°C.- 1981. Min. 1.5°C.- 1985.

Average rainfall - 61.0mm. 2017 - 51.2mm.
Highest on record - 128.0mm. - 1997
Lowest on Record - 8.2mm. -2005
Highest Daily Total - 41.2mm. - 1999

Mean daily evaporation - 1.8mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:
Flowers - Seeds & Seedlings: Ageratum, Alyssum, Aquilegia (columbine), Arctotis(Aurora Daisy), BeIlis (English Daisy), Calendula, Carnation, Cineraria, Cornflower (Centaurea), Delphinium, Dianthus, Everlasting Daisy (Acroclinium), Godetia, Gypsophila, Hollyhock, Linaria, Livingston Daisy (Mesembryanthemum), Lobelia, Marigold (French), Nemesia, Nemophila, Nigella, Pansy Polyanthus, Poppy (Iceland), Primula, Scabiosa, Snapdragon (Antirrhinum), Statice, Stock, Sweet Pea,Viola, Wallflower.
Bulbs - Alstroemeria, Amaryllis, Anemone, Blue Bells, Brunsvigia, Calla, Clivea, Crinum, Crocus, Cyclamen, Daffodil, Eucharist Lily, Eucomis, Freesia, Grape Hyacinth, Hemerocallis, Hyacinths, Iris (flag), Ixia, Jonquil, Kniphofia, Lilium, Ranunculas, Snowdrop, Sparaxis, Tigridia, Tritonia, Tulip, Watsonia, Zephrantes.
Vegetables - Seeds & Seedlings: Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower (late), Celery, Endive, Lettuce, Onions (white), Peas.
Seeds only: Beans (broad), Kohl Rabi, Rhubarb (crowns).

LOCAL PRODUCE
Winter vegetables, late apples, quinces, medlars, olives, citrus fruits, early varieties of avocado. The first olive oil of the season is available, but if you're buying, be patient & let if settle for a while before using. SA Oysters are in season.

FISHING
Whiting (all areas); Yellowfin Whiting (Gulf Waters, Southern Coasts); Catfish (all areas); Tommy Ruff (Jetties); Snapper (in the shallows).

June

Winter has well & truly arrived; conditions are cool to cold and, hopefully, quite wet.
The Winter Solstice, around June 22nd. is the southern equivalent of Yule in the North, and community celebrations of the returning of the light are increasingly celebrated around the country & in New Zealand.

Contrary to popular belief, this is too early to start pruning in the home garden, although commercial growers often start in June. Deciduous fruit trees are best pruned towards the end of flowering. Roses can wait a while, they should never be pruned during wet or damp weather.
Whales arrive to give birth and to mate in the shallows off the South Australian Coastline.

Full Moon - 9th.Jun 2017 - 10.39pm.
'New' Moon - 24th.Jun 2017 - Noon.
Winter Solstice 21st.June 2017 - 1.55pm.

Average temperatures
- Max. 16.1°C. Min.8.2°C.
2017 mean - Max. 17.0°C. Min.5.7°C.
Highest on record: Max. 25.4°C.- 2005. Min.16.7°C.-1995.
Lowest on Record: Max.9.7°C.- 1989. Min. -0.4°C.- 1982.

Median rainfall - 76.8mm. 2017 - 8.6mm.
Highest on record - 174.6mm. - 1981
Lowest on Record - 12.4mm. - 2006
Highest Daily Total - 54.6mm. - 2005

Mean daily evaporation - 1.4mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:
Vegetables - Seeds & Seedlings: Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Endive, Onions, Peas, Radish. Seeds only; Broad Beans, Lettuce.
Flowers - Seeds & Seedlings: Delphinium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Linaria, Lupins, Statice.
Bulbs - Agapanthus, Alstroemenia, Amaryllis, Babiana, Brunsvigia, Calla, Crinum, Cyclamen, Hemerocallis, Hippeastrum, Iris, Kniphofia, Lilium, Lycoris, Nerine, Tigridia, Valotta, Zephrantes.
Almond trees should be planted this month. Other deciduous trees, and bare-rooted shrubs, including roses can also go in later in the month, or during July.

LOCAL PRODUCE
SA oysters, citrus fruit, Kiwi fruit, quinces, medlars, winter vegetables.

FISHING
Whiting (all areas), Yellowfin Whiting (all beaches in shallow waters); Catfish (all areas); Tommy Ruff (Jetties); Bream (Port Pine, West Lakes, St Kilda)

July

In July conditions can be wet, cold, and windy, often with frost at night. Deciduous fruit trees and vines are dormant, except the almond, which brings Springtime in mid-winter. However grey the skies, towards the end of the month their delicate flower buds will start to open, and the honeyeaters will have a welcome feast on the nectar.
This is traditionally the wettest month of the year, but the El Nino/ La Nina cycle, the Southern Indian Ocean Dipole, and climate change are making it difficult to be certain of what will happen in any given year.

Trevor Howe reminds us that June and July is time to plant strawberries in most parts of SA. It is also the best time to clean up and fertilise your strawberry patch. Prune grape vines as soon as the leaves start to fall. Roses can also be pruned now if there is a dry windy day, preferably with some sunshine. If not, wait for a suitable day next month.

Full Moon - 9th.July 2017 - 1.36pm.
'New' Moon - 23rd.July 2017 - 7.15pm

Average temperatures
- Max. 15.3°C. Min.7.5°C.
2017 mean - Max.16.4°C. Min.8.1°C.
Highest on record: Max. 23.1°C.- 2002. Min.15.5°C.- 2011.
Lowest on Record: Max.8.8deg;C.- 1986. Min. 0.4°C.- 1982.

Average rainfall - 77.7m. 2017 -91.2 mm.
Highest on record - 159.8mm. - 1986
Lowest on Record - 22.2mm. - 1997
Highest Daily Total - 32.8mm. - 1993

Mean daily evaporation - 1.4mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:

Flowering Annuals - Seedlings only: Carnation, Delphinium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lupin, Pansy Snapdragon, Stocks, Sweet Peas, Sweet William.
Bulbs and Perennials - Bearded Iris, Canna, Daylilies, Gerbera, Gladioli, Hippeastrum, Lilium, Lily of the Valley Perennial Phlox, Pineapple Lily Raspberries, Red Hot Poker, Rhubarb, Russel Lupins, Violet, Water Lily
Vegetables - Seeds & Seedlings: Cabbage, Lettuce, Onions, Parsnip, Radish, Rhubarb.
Deciduous trees, vines, shrubs, and roses should be planted this month.

LOCAL PRODUCE
Citrus fruits, Kiwi fruit, quinces, medlars, pomegranates, persimmons, Sharon fruit.

FISHING
Whiting (all areas); Yellowfin Whiting (all beaches); Tommy Ruff (all areas); Flounder (Coorong); Salmon Trout (local beaches and jetties); Garfish (in limited numbers). Bloodworm run (First big run-out tide after the new moon).

August

2nd.August is the southern equivalent of Brigit or Oilmelc, and the beginning of spring.The hours of daylight are noticeably increasing.
While it can still be cold, wet, and windy, during recent El Nino events there have been some startling exceptions.
The average rate of evaporation can then be surpisingly great, due to rising temperatures and falling humidity.
But Climate cycles can be dramatic, and good August rains promote recovery from previous drought years, with prolific crop growth

Almond trees are in full blossom early this month, the Willunga Almond Festival begins on the last weekend in July, and continues for 2 weeks. The winter flowering wattles add their delicious perfume to the air, and many other natives are in full bloom.
If you didn't get suitable weather for pruning roses in July, there should be a better chance this month.
Fruit trees can also be pruned once the flowers are fully out.

Full Moon - 8th.August 2017 - 3.40am.
'New' Moon - 22nd..August 2017 - 4.00am

Average temperatures
- Max.16.7°C. Min.8.2°C.
2017 mean - Max.15.9°C. Min 7.9°C.
Highest on record: Max. 30.4°C.- 2007. Min.18.4°C.- 1993.
Lowest on Record: Max.10.4°C.- 1977. Min. 0.9°C.- 2014

Median rainfall - 69.2 mm. 2017 - 87.8mm.
Highest on record - 129.0mm. - 1992
Lowest on Record - 11.4mm. - 2006
Highest Daily Total - 43.2mm. - 1992

Mean daily evaporation - 2.0mm. .

WHAT TO PLANT:
Summer-flowering Bulbs - Agapanthus, Amaryllis, Brunsvigia, Calla, Canna, Cninum, Euchanis Lily, Eucomis, Gladiolus, Hemerocallis, Hippeastrum, Iris (flag), Kniphofia, Lyconis, Nenine, Sprekelia, Valotta, Zephrantes.
Flowers (Not until Late August) - Seeds & Seedling: Ageratum, Alyssum, Californian Poppy, Carnation, Celosia, Cosmos, Delphinium, Dianthus, Everlasting Daisy Globe Amaranth, Honesty Marigold (African), Petunia, Phlox, Portulaca, Rudbeckia, Salpiglossis, Salvia, Snapdragon, Statice.
Perennials - Astilbe, Coreopsis, Campanula, Erigeron, Perennial Phlox, Perennial Aster, Heliopsis, Hostas, Shasta Daisy
Vegetables - Asparagus (crowns), Beetroot (seeds), Broccoli (seedlings), Cabbage (seedlings), Carrot (seeds), Garlic (seeds & corms), Leeks (seeds & seedlings), Lettuce (seeds & seedlings), Onions (seeds & seedlings), Parsnip (Seeds),Potato (seeds), Radish (seeds), Rhubarb (crowns), Strawberry (potted plants), Spinach (seeds & seedlings).

LOCAL PRODUCE
S.A. oysters in season. Citrus fruit, quinces, medlars, pomegranates, persimmons, Sharon fruit.

FISHING
Whiting (Metropolitan waters, going off the bite during the month); Salmon Trout (local beaches and jetties); Tommy Ruff (Southern coasts); Flounder (Coorong); Squid (most areas. Big specimens Southern coasts)

September

Spring has arrived and the world is full of flowers. Wildflowers and/or weeds carpet every open space with colour, and bees are busily stocking up with pollen and nectar after the winter cold. Buds appear on the Grape vines, and cherry and apple trees will start to blossom.
The Equinox around the 23rd. brings the start of longer days, and many plants respond as rapidly to the increasing daylight as to increasing soil warmth.
Weeds also respond with enthusiasm to the warmth and light. Hand pull, or hoe them before they set seed, and add their nutrients to the compost.

Full Moon - 6th.September 2017 - 4.32pm.
'New' Moon - 20th.September 2017 - 2.59pm
Spring Equinox - 23rd.September 2017 - 5.33am.

Average temperatures
- Max. 19.1°C. Min.9.8°C.
2017 mean - Max.19.4°C. Min.9.4.°C.
Highest on record: Max. 34.3°C.- 1987. Min.23.8°C.-1987(27th.)
Lowest on Record: Max.11.7°C.- 1979. Min. 2.6°C.- 1987(1st.)

Average rainfall - 59.6mm. 2017 - 56.0
Highest on record - 151.4mm. - 1992
Lowest on Record - 16mm. - 2008
Highest Daily Total - 43.2mm. - 2001

Mean daily evaporation - 3.1mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:
Flowers - Seedlings: Ageratum, Alyssum, Aster, Begonia (bedding), Carnations, Celosia, Chrysanthemum, Cockscomb, Coleus, Cosmos, Dahlia (seed), Dianthus, Everlasting Daisy(acroclinium), lmpatiens, Marigolds (African), Nasturtium, Petunias, Phlox, Portulaca, Salvia, Snapdragon (Antirrhinum), Sunflower(Helianthus), Torenia, Verbena, Zinnia.
Summer-flowering Bulbs - Canna, Crinum, Eucharis, Gladiolus, Lycoris, Sprekelia, Valotta.
Citrus, Avocado, Flowering, & Native trees and shrubs can safely be planted once the risk of frost is past.
Vegetables - Beans (bush), Beetroot, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrot,Celery, Cucumber, Eggplant, Endive, Garlic, Leeks, Lettuce, Marrow, Melon, Parsnip, Potato, Pumpkin (squash), Radish, Spinach, Sweet Corn, Tomato, Zucchini.

LOCAL PRODUCE
Citrus fruit, quinces, medlars, pomegranates, persimmons, Sharon fruit.

FISHING
Snook (West Coast); Coorong Mullet (Coorong); Flounder (Coorong); Salmon Trout (Local Beaches and Southern Coasts and Jetties); Bream (Kangaroo Island, Coorong, Local shores, Pt River Region); Yellowtail Kingfish (West Coast, Spencer Gulf); Squid (Southern Coasts and Jetties); Tommy' Ruff (Limited Numbers); Garfish (coming back on the bite)

October

Daylight Saving commences on the first Sunday in October, giving longer evenings, but not so much time in the cool early mornings for watering & garden work.
The soil is warming up, and anything sown or planted now should thrive given sufficient water.
Watch the weather forecasts, and be ready to protect young plants during sudden bursts of heat. Watering in the cool early mornings, rather than in the evening, promotes root growth and resilience, but water the soil, not the foliage.
Top up the mulch, and keep it up throughout the summer. It reduces evaporation, shades out weeds, and makes it easier to hand pull them if they appear.
The Fire Danger season now begins this month, due to our changing climate. Lush growth this month adds to the fuel load as it dries out later in the year.

Full Moon - 6th.October 2017 - 5.10am.
'New' Moon - 29th.October 2017 - 5.42am.

Average temperatures
- Max. 22.1°C. Min.11.5°C.
2016 mean - Max.21.0°C. Min.10.6°C.
Highest on record:31st.Oct.1987- Max. 39.0°C. Min.26.2°C
Lowest on Record: Max.12.1°C.- 1987(11th). Min.4.7°C.- 2005

Mean rainfall - 42.2mm. 2016 - 81.0mm.
Highest on record - 105.0mm. - 1980
Lowest on Record - 1.0mm. - 2006
Highest Daily Total - 55.6mm. - 1997

Mean daily evaporation - 4.4mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:
Flowers - Ageratum, Alyssum, Aster, Begonia (bedding), Carnations, Celosia, Chrysanthemum, Cockscomb, Coleus, Cosmos, Dahlia (seed), Dianthus, Everlasting Daisy (acroclinium), lmpatiens, Marigolds (african), Nasturtium, Petunias, Phlox, Portulaca, Salvia, Snapdragon (antirrhinum), Sunflower (Helianthus), Torenia, Verbena, Zinnia.
Summer-flowering Bulbs - Canna, Crinum, Eucharis, Eucomis (pineapple lily), Gladiolus, Lycoris, Nerine, Sprekelia, Valotta, Zephyranthes.
Vegetables - Beans (bush), Beans (runner), Beetroot, Broccoli, Cabbage, Capsicum, Carrots, Celery, Cucumber, Eggplant, Endive, Leeks, Lettuce, Marrow, Melon, Parsnip, Peas, Potato, Pumpkin (squash), Radish, Spinach, Sweet Corn, Tomato, Zucchini.

LOCAL PRODUCE
Loquats, late citrus varieties, Cape Gooseberries, all the Spring vegetables.

FISHING
Snapper (Backstairs Passage); Whiting (Yorke Peninsula); Flounder (Coorong);Yellowtail Kingfish (West Coast, Spencer Gulf); Bream (Port River, St Kilda); Squid (most areas); Mulloway (Murray Mouth); Garfish (Best Time for Spotlight Dabbing).

November

After 2nd.November, the Southern Hemisphere equivalent of Beltane, daylength increases rapidly. This is really the begining of summer, and we should prepare for some hot days.
In the garden, maintenance and watering are the main tasks, but it's a good time for propagating cuttings, ready to plant out in March.
In outer Metropolitan areas reduce any unnecessary growth, and keep gutters clean. Check your Bushfire plan, and keep a ear out for the warnings.

Full Moon - 4th.November 201 - 3.52 pm
'New' Moon - 18th.November 2017 10.12 pm

Average temperatures
- Max. 25.3°C. Min.14.0deg;C.
2016 mean - Max. 24.5°C. Min.12.1°C.
Highest on record: Max. 43.0°C. - 2009. Min.29.0°C.-1987.
Lowest on Record: Max.13.0°C.- 1994. Min. 5.3°C.- 2010.

Mean rainfall - 30.3mm. 2016 - 33.2 mm.
Highest on record - 107.0mm. - 1992
Lowest on Record - 1mm. - 1996
Highest Daily Total - 44.8mm. - 2005

Mean daily evaporation - 5.7mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:
Flowers - Ageratum, Alyssum, Aster, Begonia (bedding), Celosia, Chrysanthemum, Cockscomb, Coleus, Cosmos, Dahlia (seed), Dianthus, Marigolds (african), Nasturtium, Petunias, Phlox, Portulaca, Salvia, Sunflower (Helianthus), Torenia, Verbena, Zinnia.
Flowering Bulbs - Agapanthus, Clivea, Crinum, Dahlia, Gladiolus.
Hibiscus, Bougainvillea and Frangipan can be planted now.
Vegetables - Beans (bush), Beans (runner), Beetroot, Cabbage, Capsicum, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery Cucumber, Egglant, Endive, Leeks, Lettuce, Marrow, Melon, Parsnip, Peas, Potato, Pumpkin (squash), Radish, Rhubarb (potted), Spinach, Sweet Corn, Tomato, Zucchini.

LOCAL PRODUCE
Loquats, cherry plums, early strawberries.

FISHING
Snook (most areas); Victor Harbor Mullet (Southern Coasts); Yellowtail Kingfish (West Coast, Spencer Gulf); Snapper (Gulf Waters, Yorke Peninsula); Tuna (West Coast); Squid (most areas); Garfish (All Areas for dabbing); Mulloway (Murray Mouth).

December

In December many people still celebrate Christmas, even if they are not Christians.
The Summer Solstice occurs around the 22nd. and is a more appropriate celebration for our climate. In any case, it's a time to think of others. In spite of the forthcoming holidays, some remain hard at work throughout the season, providing us with valuable services.
The fire danger season is well established, and Fire Bans are common.
Be aware of the bushfire risk each day, and if you haven't prepared a bushfire plan, DO IT!
Large grassed areas are now often allowed to dry out, but these are becoming fewer as more water conservation & recycling schemes are established.
Be waterwise - we have improved our behaviour a great deal since the last long drought, but water is precious, although it is, in spite of what we say, cheap! Could you afford to water your garden with bottled water? Just think about it.

Full Moon - 4th.December 2017 - 2.16 am.
'New' Moon - 18th.December 2017 - 5pm.
Summer Solstice - 22nd.December - 02.59am.

Average temperatures
- Max. 27.2°C. Min.15.6°C.
2016 mean - Max. 28.7°C. Min.15.4°C.
Highest on record: Max. 43.4°C. - 2013.Min.30.7°C.-2015.
Lowest on Record: Max.16.9°C.- 1986. Min. 7.9°C.-2015.

Average rainfall - 29.1mm. 2016 - 86.8 mm.
Highest on record - 87.00mm.- 2010
Lowest on Record - 5.8mm. - 1991
Highest Daily Total - 66.2mm. - 2010

Mean daily evaporation - 6.6mm.

WHAT TO PLANT:
Flowers Seeds & Seedlings - Ageratum, Alyssum, Aster, Celosia, Cockscomb, Coleus, Cosmos, Dianthus, Marigolds (African), Nasturtium, Petunia, Phlox, Portulaca, Salvia, Sunflower (Helianthus), Torenia, Verbena, Zinnia.
Winter Flowering Annuals, such as Cinerarias, Stocks and Poppies can be propagated from seed at this time of year provided the seed boxes are kept in the shade, and out of hot, drying winds.
Vegetables - Beans (bush), Beans (runner), Beetroot, Cabbage, Capsicum, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery Cucumber, Endive, Leek, Lettuce, Melon, Parsnip, Potato, Pumpkin (squash), Radish, Spinach, Sweet Corn, Tomatoes.

LOCAL PRODUCE
Cherries, early apricots, plums and strawberries, crayfish, prawns, oysters, crabs, mullet, snook and snapper.

FISHING
Snook (all areas); Mullet (Victor Harbor); Snapper (Gulf Waters and Yorke Peninsula); Garfish (all areas); Tuna (West Coast); Callop and Redfin (River Murray); Squid (all areas).

USEFUL LINKS

Quick & Easy Organic Organic Food from your own Garden

DAVID CORKILL'S ORGANIC GARDENING WEBSITE - INFORMATION & FORUM
David is a good friend, and one of the best teachers
and organic gardeners around.

http://www.heyne.com.au/gardencentre/factsheets/

For up-to-date details of Local Shows, and Cultural Events, go to
WHAT'S ON IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

Climate & Weather Information:
AUSTRALIAN METEOROLOGICAL BUREAU
For statistics for the previous year go to:
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/current/annual/sa/summary.shtml
For detailed information, see DAILY WEATHER OBSERVATIONS

TIDE TABLES FOR SOUTH AUSTRALIA

AUSTRALIAN METEOROLOGICAL ASSN.

If you fish - hopefully for food, rather than solely for recreation -
do visit the RECREATIONAL FISHING PAGE of the SA Fisheries website.
If you buy fish, this calendar will give you a rough idea of what is in season locally.

The Wheel of the Year in the Southern Hemisphere
Planting by the Moon..............Seasons and Calendars

Rosella Background courtesy of:
VIRTUAL AUSTRALIA GRAPHICS

Note:In researching & answering questions about earthwise living, Margaret offers information, opinion, & personal experience, but no quick fixes! Readers should evaluate these offerings in the context of their own situations; they are suggestions, *not* recommendations. Any responsibility for their implementation rests *solely* with the reader.

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