Japan.Anime.Evangelion FAQ

Version 0.3.1

Original version compiled by Daniel Fawcett. Updated by Mercurius and again by Scratchbuilt <www.evafaq.com>

This version maintained by Pen^3
Return to the Pen^3 website.

A text version is available.


Releases and Basic Information

What is Neon Genesis Evangelion?

Neon Genesis Evangelion is an anime series by Studio Gainax which follows the progress of a group of children chosen to pilot mankind's defence against the threat from the Angels. They are part of an organisation called NERV which is ostensibly dedicated to the defeat of these Angels. As the plot thickens it becomes apparent that that is not all that NERV has in mind. There are obviously two agendas in operation that of NERV and Gendou Ikari and that of his supposed superiors the moguls of the SEELE organisation. The plot revolves around the machinations of these two organisations and their reactions to the angel attacks through their joint tools the Evangelion Units 00, 01 and 02.

There are 26 TV episodes and three theatrical movies (Evangelion: Death & Rebirth, The End Of Evangelion And Revival Of Evangelion).

There are not going to be new episodes - rumours saying that there will be are unconfirmed and probably misinformed.

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NGE Releases

For information on upcoming releases you can check the Manga new relases page.

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How many episodes make up the series?

There are 26 TV episodes

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What are the redone episodes?

The redone episodes are different versions of episodes 21-24 that were done for the Japanese video market. They add around 15 minutes of extra footage across the 4 episodes that help explain the series more fully and also retouch various scenes. They are available on LD, VHS and DVD in Japan but unavailable in other parts of the world. Some stills of the extra scenes are shown on the EvaOtaku director's cut page.

Please note that these are NOT deleted scenes removed by ADV or GAINAX or anyone involved with transferring Evangelion to the English-speaking market.

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A brief rundown of Evangelion releases in Japan

In an attempt to clear up confusion, here is a rundown of the history of Eva releases in Japan (Text by Olivier Hagué)

"* The 26 episodes of Neon Genesis Evangelion were first aired in Japan in 1995-1996. A few changes had to be made at that time, like removing actual brand names or "sexual content" (feminine underwear, Ritsuko naked before Seele,...) Gainax also wanted to have 30-second reviews, but had to shorten them to 15-second ones.

* A "making-of" video cassette named "Neon Genesis Evangelion Genesis 0:0 In the Beginning" was released.

* The Japanese videos of the series were then released one after another. Each video/LD contained 2 episodes and was named "Neon Genesis Evangelion Genesis 0:01, 0:02, etc...". These videos featured the episodes the way they were supposed to be in the first place (30-second previews, actual brand names, and so on...). But Anno decided to slightly improve episodes 21 to 24 ( and adding new scenes as well ) and to remake entirely episodes 25 and 26 ( he "owed" this to his staff, since he monopolized the two last TV episodes, even if he had no choice, due to money and time matters ) for this video release. So the video release came to a stop with "Genesis 0:10" ( episodes 19 and 20 ), because they had to work on that video release, but also on... the movies.

* A few weeks after the end of the series, it was decided that two movies would be made for spring and summer of 1997. Gainax said that the first one would be a sum-up of the series, and that the second one would be an "original story".

* I think that AD vision bought the series around this period of time... They released episodes 1 to 20 in their "video version", but they didn't want to wait until the completion of the "renewal" of episodes 21 to 24 by Gainax. So, they released the "tv version" of episodes 21 to 26.

* Gainax eventually decided that the first movie, called "Evangelion : Death and Rebirth", would consist of two parts. The first one, "Evangelion : Death", directed by Masayuki, being the sum-up mentioned earlier, with the addition of a few extra scenes, some of them being excerpts of the yet-to-come redone episodes 21 and 22 (a treat for the fans). The second one, "Evangelion : Rebirth", would be the new episodes 25 and 26, the other ending that was first planned for a video release.

* Another video cassettes of "making-of", named "Neon Genesis Evangelion Genesis 0:0' The Light From the Darkness" and about the movie this time, were given to those who "pre-ordered" their theatre tickets.

* Because of schedule problems (again ^^; ), Gainax then announced that "Evangelion : Rebirth" would only be the beginning of the new ending. So, they decided that the second movie would actually be the completed new ending, tentatively named "Evangelion : Rebirth II". (as a matter of fact, it looks like they had absolutely no idea what to do with this second movie, in the beginning... so they were probably glad they could forget about this "original story" thing ^_^;)

* The second movie was finally called "The End of Evangelion" and consisted of two parts, the two new episodes 25 and 26 (episodes 25' and 26'). The first one, "Air", was a slightly improved version of "Evangelion : Rebirth", completed with about 15 minutes of additional footage ("Evangelion : Rebirth" ended just before the battle between Asuka and the Eva series). The second one, "Magokoro o, Kimi ni", was entirely new.

* In January 1998, a director's cut of "Evangelion : Death and Rebirth", called "Evangelion : Death (True) and Rebirth", was aired on Japanese TV. It looks like Masayuki didn't really want to include all these excerpts of the new scenes for episodes 21 and 22. It really was a treat for the fans in the first place. So he removed some of them for this new version of "Evangelion : Death".

* In March 1998, a third movie was released in the Japanese theaters. "Revival of Evangelion" consisted of three parts. The first one was "Evangelion : Death (True)²", an improved version of the director's cut of "Evangelion : Death" aired on TV two months earlier (I think the changes had to do with the music or the sound mix, this time?). The second of third parts were "Air" and "Magokoro o, Kimi ni". In a way, that means that this "Revival of Evangelion" movie is what "Evangelion : Death and Rebirth" should have been in the first place...

* "Genesis 0:11" and "Genesis 0:12" were then finally released in Japan. They contained the redone episodes 21 to 24, improved, with added scenes, their 30-second previews, etc... Episode 24 featured its "classical" 15-second preview for the original TV episode 25, and also a new 30-second preview for episode 25', "Air".

* "Genesis 0:13", released a few months later, featured episode 25 and episode 25'. This "video version" of Episode 25' was slightly different from its theatrical counterpart, like I said in another post. The "The End of Evangelion" title was replaced by a "Neon Genesis Evangelion" one to blend this new episode in the series, the credits were different, and there was a preview for episode 26', "Magokoro o, Kimi ni".

* "Genesis 0:14" was finally released, and featured episode 26 and episode 26'. Like for episode 25', episode 26' was slightly modified in its "video version".

* In December 1998, video and LD boxes were released. They contained "Evangelion: Death (True)² and Rebirth" (do I have to explain? ^^ ) and "The End of Evangelion" (ie episodes 25' and 26' in their "theatrical version").

* Evangelion was released on DVDs as well. There are 7 volumes, and each of them contains 4 episodes (the last one as well: episodes 25, 26, 25' and 26'). There's also a 2-DVD box for the movies. Same contents as the video and LD boxes."

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A Note on Japanese Eva releases

There are several things that crop up regarding Japanese releases:

DVDs - the entire series & movies are available across 7 DVDs - DVDs 1-6 contain episodes 1-24 (4 per disc) and disc 7 contains episodes 25-26 and episodes 25' and 26' There is also a special movie DVD that contains "Evangelion : Death (True)² and Rebirth, and the End of Evangelion"

Genesis 0:14 - "Neon Genesis Evangelion Genesis 0:13" contains episodes 25 and 25'. "Neon Genesis Evangelion Genesis 0:14" contains episodes 26 and 26'.

Genesis 0:0 - "Neon Genesis Evangelion Genesis 0:0 In the Beginning", this is a "making of" video for the series.

"Neon Genesis Evangelion Genesis 0:0' The Light From the Darkness", this is a "making of" video for Death:Rebirth.

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What are the differences between the Theatrical and Video movies?

The video release and theatrical release of End of Evangelion are slightly different as summarised below (Text by Olivier Hagué)

Theatrical version:
* Eye catch: "The End of Evangelion Episode:25' Love is destructive."
* Credits for both episodes 25' and 26' (ie the whole movie) show up between the episodes (song: Thanatos - If I Can't Be Yours -)
* No preview.
* Title screen: "The End of Evangelion"
* Asuka says "... Iya." in the kitchen scene.
* Eye catch: "The End of Evangelion One More Final: I need you."
* Caption: "End of the movie"
* No end credits.

Video version:
* Eye catch: "Neon Genesis Evangelion Episode:25' Love is destructive."
* Credits for episode 25' show up between the episodes (song: Thanatos - If I Can't Be Yours - (Short Version))
* Preview
* Title screen: "Neon Genesis Evangelion"
* We don't hear Asuka's "... Iya.". It's written on the screen.
* Eye catch: "Neon Genesis Evangelion One More Final: I need you."
* Caption: "End"
* Credits for episode 26' (music: Jesus bleibet meine Freude)

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How was the series planned out?

They didn't write the scenario of an episode before the previous one was "finished", so they didn't really know what episode 25 would be like until episode 24 was completed... After that, they had some ideas for episode 25, with JSSDF attacking Nerv, Misato and Ritsuko dying, Asuka being hidden with her Eva-02, and so on... But they just couldn't make this episode, because they didn't have enough time (and money?) for that... So, Anno decided to change all that, and made those "strange" episodes 25 and 26 (you can still see some stills reminiscent of what episode 25 was first supposed to be).

Anno was satisfied with this ending, but some of his Gainax friends weren't (and TV viewers as well, but Anno didn't really care about them), so he told them that the first-planned episode 25 will be made for the video release, and that there would be a new episode 26 as well after that. Eventually, these episodes became a movie.

Info supplied by Olivier Hagué

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What's with the overlays?

On the first DVD volume, ADV used a large number of overlays to translate signs and other on screen Japanese characters. On the earlier VHS releases and later DVD volumes they used subtitles to explain the Japanese text. The overlays are very crisp and stand out against the softer and grainy original video, especially when the video shakes slight behind the perfectly still overlays. For further information see Animeprime's Evangelion Editing Report.

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Availability of the Series

Availability of the Neon Genesis Evangelion TV series

The Neon Genesis Evangelion TV series (Eva for short) is now available in many different countries. What follows is a list of countries in which Eva is available, along with distributor information:

UNITED STATES: Available in sub & dub, on 13 NTSC VHS tapes from: ADV FILMS Website: ADV Films

UNITED KINGDOM: Available in dub only, on 13 PAL VHS tapes from: AD VISION UK Website: ADV Films UK


For anywhere around the world you can try Express.com

Or for those in the UK : Blackstar which is good for the whole series as long as you don't want DVD there being very little released on region 2 DVD format for the UK market as yet.

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Where can I download full episodes of NGE?

Asking for links or FTP sites to download the Evangelion series is severely frowned upon, and should not be asked in the newsgroup. This is for the simple fact that Evangelion is available in most all countries or via Internet stores, and also because most fans of Evangelion realise how good the series is, and respect that the creators of the series should be given the money they deserve.

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Where can I buy videos of the TV Series?

This comes up often. If the series has had an official release in your country, your best bet is to try a video shop. You may have more luck trying a specialist science fiction shop - a majority have been to stock some anime, and since Eva is one of the best-selling anime series to be released outside of Japan, there is a high chance they'll stock them. If they do not appear to stock them, the store may be able to order them for if you ask.

Other than that, there are various on-line retailers you can try. I've decided to list them under country, since some retailers would be useless in certain parts of the world (due to the NTSC/PAL/SECAM differences).

For the United States / Canada:

Anime Nation

Right Stuf



[Note: Many rental chains within the US & Canada carry rental copies of the VHS version. Known stores are Blockbuster Video and Hollywood Video]

For the United Kingdom a good place to try, if you don't have a card and can't use the various internet sources, is Forbidden Planet. They had them in stock and can order them should they be out of stock. The London branch is just awesome. As of yet they have a poor internet presence but we can only hope that they will improve that in the future. Check out the old FAQ links page for contacts.




Amazon UK

For Australia: Madman Entertainment

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Availability of the Neon Genesis Evangelion movies

Currently the three movies are unavailable in any western languages (but they are available on videotape, LaserDisc and Region 2 DVD in Japan), although in July 1999 at the Anime Expo convention in California it was announced that Manga Entertainment has acquired the rights to all three movies, which will all likely get simultaneous VHS and DVD releases. Manga however have yet to finalise their contract with GAINAX and have therefore yet to receive all the material for the movies from them. However after this is accomplished, Manga still have to reunite the original voice actors and record for the movie, so don't expect the movie anytime soon.

Manga were also discussing releasing the movie theatrically, but have since canned this due to the fact that you have to have seen the series to truly understand the movie.

Releases to other nations where Manga Entertainment has branches will most likely follow.

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Where can I download the movies?

One of the regulars on JAE, Tessai, runs an FTP server from his computer, were he has The End of Evangelion available for download. See "The FTP" section of this FAQ for details.

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Is Evangelion coming out on DVD?

If you live in a Region 2 DVD zone (Europe and Japan mainly) and can speak Japanese, you're in luck because the entire series and all the movies are available in Japan on DVD already.

However, if you're not, you're not quite so lucky. ADV Films are starting to release the TV series on multi-lingual DVDs (English, Japanese, French and Spanish dub tracks and at least English subtitles) in the Region 1 and 4 zones.

The movies will also come out on DVD, as mentioned above, and will also be English dub & sub. They will (presumably) be released on DVD in all territories where Manga Entertainment are committed to releasing DVDs.

As for the TV series DVDs, as it currently stands, there is probably little chance of them getting released outside the US in the foreseeable future. ADV has made little inroad into the US DVD market since they started releasing DVDs in January 1999, and have shown little interest in releasing DVDs in other nations.

Your best bet (if you live outside the US) in this case is to get a multi-region player and to buy the US releases.

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Where can I buy the DVDs?

For Japanese ones try:


CD Online Station CDJapan

The English discs are available for preordering on:

DVD Express


Right Stuf

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Where can I buy Evangelion Music CDs?

There are many different Evangelion music CDs available. If you are interested in purchasing them, you could try some of the following mail-order companies. They should be able to supply you with a list (or there may be one on their website): - Otaku Publishing - Camegave - CD Japan You may also be able to find them in the import soundtracks section of large record stores or science fiction stores.

The CDs available are:
Original Soundtrack Vol. 1,
Original Soundtrack Vol. 2,
Original Soundtrack Vol. 3,
Evangelion Vox,
Evangelion Refrain,
Evangelion Death,
End of Evangelion,
Death and Rebirth,
Evangelion Concert (2 CDs),
S2 Works (7 CD Collection of Evangelion Music),
and Lots and Lots of singles

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What are the tracks on the Evangelion Music CDs?

Neon Genesis Evangelion: Original Sound Track 1

OST 1 cover01. Extended Opening (Cruel Angel's Theme)
02. Fly Me to the Moon
03. Angel Attack
04. Rei I
05. Hedgehog's Dilemma
06. Barefoot in the Park
07. Ritsuko
08. Misato
09. Asuka Strikes!
10. NERV
11. Tokyo-3
12. I. Shinji
13. EVA-01
14. A Step Forward into Terror
15. EVA-02
16. Decisive Battle
17. EVA-00
18. The Beast
19. Marking Time, Waiting for Death
20. Rei II
21. Fly me to the Moon (Instrumental)
22. Track 22 (Title N/A)
23. Fly me to the Moon (Yoko Takahashi)

Neon Genesis Evangelion: Original Sound Track 2

OST 2 cover01. Yokan (Inspiration)
02. Cruel Angel's Theses (TV Size Version) [Takahashi Yoko]
04. A Crystalline Night Sky
07. Both of you, Dance Like You Want to Win!
08. Waking up in the morning
10. A Moment When Tension Breaks
11. The Day Tokyo-3 Stood Still
12. Spending Time in Preparation
13. She said, "Don't make others suffer for your personal hatred."
18. Rei III
19. When I Find Peace of Mind
20. FLY ME TO THE MOON - T.V. Version
21. FLY ME TO THE MOON - Rei(#5) TV. Size Remix Version
22. FLY ME TO THE MOON - Rei(#6) TV. Size Remix Version
23. Jikai Yokoku (Closing Statements)
24. FLY ME TO THE MOON - Aya Bossa Techno Version
25. FLY ME TO THE MOON - Aki Jungle Version

Neon Genesis Evangelion: Original Sound Track 3

OST 3 cover01. Shiawase wa...
02. Eternal Embrace
03. Normal Blood
04. Harbinger of Tragedy
05. Childhood Memories, Shut Away
06. Those women longed for the touch of others' lips...
07. Background Music II
08. Background Music III
09. In the Depths of Human Hearts
10. Hostility Restrained
11. Three of Me, One of Someone Else
12. Crime of Innocence
13. The Sorrow of Losing the Object of One's Dependence
14. Do you love me?
15. Separation Anxeity
16. Introjection
17. Depression
18. Splitting of the Breast
19. Infantile Dependence, Adult Dependency
20. Mother is the First Other
21. The Heady Feeling of Freedom
22. Good, or Don't Be
23. Fly Me to the Moon - Takahashi Yoko TV Size Version
24. Fly Me to the Moon - 4 Beat TV Size Version
25. Fly Me to the Moon - Aya Bossa Techno TV Size Version
26. Fly Me to the Moon - Acid Bossa TV Size Version
27. Fly Me to the Moon - 4 Beat Off Vocal TV Size Version
28. Fly Me to the Moon - Off Vocal TV Size Version
29. Fly Me to the Moon - Aki Jungle TV Size Version
30. Fly Me to the Moon - B-22A Type TV Size Version
31. Fly Me to the Moon - Rei (#23) TV Size Version
32. Fly Me to the Moon - Rei (#25) TV Size Version
33. Fly Me to the Moon - Rei (#26) TV Size Version
34. Fly Me to the Moon - Aya London Beat Version

Neon Genesis Evangelion: Addition

OST Addition cover01. Zankoku na Tenshi no These (Cruel Angel's Thesis) (Director's Edit Version II)
02. Drama Track
03. Fly Me to the Moon - Misato 4 Beat TV size Version
04. Fly Me to the Moon - Asuka Bossa Techno TV Size Version
05. Chorus: Hallelujah (MESSIAH)
06. Chorus: Worth is the Lamb... Amen (MESSIAH)
07. 4th Movement: Presto (Symphony No. 9 in D minor Op. 125 "Choral")
08. Tendoumushi no Sanba (Bonus Track)
09. Fly Me to the Moon - Main Version II
10. Evangelion Movie TV trailer, "Death and Rebirth": Misato
11. Evangelion Movie TV trailer, "Death and Rebirth": Rei
12. Evangelion Movie TV trailer, "Death and Rebirth": Asuka

Evangelion: VOX

VOX cover01. Evantroduction
02. The Image of Me (vocalise)
03. From My Dreams
04. Evangelism
05. Can't Get You Outta My Head
06. X-plicit
07. Prelude To Battle
08. Battling
09. Interlude - Thanatos
10. Thanatos - If I Can't Be Yours (Jazzy Side Stick-Mix)
11. I'll Be Always On Your Mind
12. Armageddon
13. Komm, susser Tod (Tumbling Down-Mix)
14. Angel Attack
15. Utopia
16. Promised Land (reprise)
17. Promised Land (Loren & Mash studio Live)
18. Star (Loren & Mash studio Live)
19. The Image of Me (playback)
20. Outro - never shall we return from conflict we must learn

Evangelion: Refrain

Refrain cover01. Prologue de Refrain
02. Zankoku na Tenshi no These (Die These des grausamen Engels)
03. Kibou no Sora e (To the Sky of Hope)
04. Youkan (Premonition)
05. Shiawase wa Tsumi no Nioi (Happiness bears the Smell of Guilt)
06. Fly me to the Moon
07. Forbidden Gene
08. Love Antique
09. Kokoro yo Genshi ni Modore (Heart! Come back to the Primitive!)
10. Mugen Houyou (Unlimited Embrace)
11. Genwaku no Umi kara (From the Dazzling Sea)
12. Tamashii no Refuran (The Refrain of the Soul)
13. Epilogue de These

Evangelion: Death

Death cover01. Cello Daiyongen Chougen
02. Suiten Fur Violoncello solo # 1 (G-dur, BWV 10071)
03. Dvorak (Original Complete Version)
04. Violin Dainigen Chougen
05. Partita III fur Violino solo - Govotte in Rondo
06. Viola Daisangen Chougen
07. Yasashisa No Dairi
08. Wa E No, Namida
09. Miryou E No Chouritsu
10. Kanon (D-dur) (Quartet) (Pachabel)
11. Sorrow of Losing the Object of One's Dependence 2
12. Kyomou E No, Izon (A-4 Violin Solo)
13. Moroi Jaku Na, Jiga Kyoukai (A4 Alternate version)
14. Kanon (D-dur) (Strings Orchestra) (Pachabel)
15. Itsuwari No, Saisei (M-7B)
16. Dies Irae (Requiem)

The End of Evangelion

EoE cover01. TANIN no KANSHOU (Outsider Interference)
02. MANATSU no SHUUEN (Performance's End in Midsummer)
03. TAIKOU e no KINKYUUHINAN (Emergency evacuation to Regression)
04. ITSUWAri no, SAISEI (It's False, the Rebirth)
05. MIGAwari no SHINNYUU (The Intrusion of the Vicarious Substitute)
06. II Air (Orchestral Suite No.3 in D major, BWV 1068 by J.S. Bach)
07. MUNAshiki NAGAre (The Flow of Void/Futility)
08. THANATOS - if I can't be yours
09. HAJImari e no TOUHI (Escape to the Beginning)
10. HUAN to no MITSUGETSU (Honeymoon with Uneasiness)
11. Komm, Susser Tod / AMAki SHI yo, KItare (Come, sweet Death)
12. Jesus Bleibet Meine Freunde (Herz und Mund und Tot und Leben) (BWV 147, by J.S. Bach)
13. HEISOKU no KAKUDAI (The Enlargement of the Blockade)
14. YUME no sukima (The Schema of Dream)

Death and Rebirth coverDeath and Rebirth (Singles)

1. Tamasii no Rufuran (Yoko Takahashi)
2. Kokoro yo Genshi ni Modore (Yoko Takahashi)
3. Tamasii no Rufuran - Off Vocal Version (Karaoke)
4. Kokoro yo Genshi ni Modore - Off Vocal Version (Karaoke)

Symphony of Evangelion (Live, Bunkamura Hall)

01. Symphony #9
02. Tokyo-3
03. Eva-01
04. MC-1
05. NERV
06. Decisive Battle
07. Eva-00
08. A Step Forward
09. Rei I
10. Ritsuko
11. Rei I
12. MC-2
13. I. Shinji
Symphony cover01. Suiten Fur Violoncello
02. Partita III fur Violin
03. Kanon (D-dur) (Quartet)
04. Kanon (D-dur) and RAP
05. Kanon (D-dur) (Pachabel)
06. Thanatos
07. MC-3
08. Borderline Case
09. Mother the First Other
10. Fly Me To The Moon
11. MC-4
12. Hallelujah Chorus
13. Thank Yous

S2 Works

7 CDs worth of music. Whatever you are looking for is probably here.

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Where can I download Evangelion music/MP3s?

A great site "Symphony of Evangelion" used to have all the albums (bar the S2 works) up for download in MP3 format, however, GAINAX has been clamping down on the usage of images and Evangelion files, and so this site, and the sister site Reflections of Eva has been closed down. The site Evacorp has the MP3s from different albums, however don't expect them to be up for long with GAINAX out on the prowl.

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Evangelion on Video CD

Evangelion is available on Video CD in Singapore in one large 13-CD box set. After seeing one of these Video CDs, two things are apparent:

1) The quality is poor if played through a PC ( DVD quality unknown )

2) They are a legitimate release and are not pirates. However, if you are interested in them they can be obtained from this URL: http://members.xoom.com/ad_naseum/

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NGE Manga

What is the Evangelion manga? Where can I get it?

The Evangelion manga is the comic-book form of Evangelion. It is drawn and scripted by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto, a co-founder of Studio GAINAX, who also worked on the character designs for the TV series & movies.

Rather than being a direct version of the TV series, Sadamoto has done an "interpretation" of the TV series, where events can be quite different. Because of this, it has not been popular with all the fans of the TV series.

Currently there are 6 books of the manga completed. English versions are being published by Viz Communications.

Graphic novels of the first four books are also available (RRP US$15.95, $23.95 CAN). You can probably buy the graphic novels at most bookstores in the US; for the monthly issue you're more likely to find in a comic store. If you live outside the US, could try getting a local comic/science fiction store to order them for you, or you could order them online at many of the online stores listed on the old FAQ's links page. (Viz's official store also offers subscriptions for the monthly issues and back issues as well online)

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What's different about the Collector's Editions of the manga?

Viz have made two versions of the Eva manga available - the normal version and a "Collector's Edition". There is absolutely no difference between the content of both editions - the difference is that the Collector's Edition is unflipped. What does this mean? Books in Japan are read from right to left, and because of this, when manga is adapted for the English-speaking market, the artwork is flipped so that it would read from left to right. The Collector's Edition is simply a translated, unflipped edition, so technically it looks like a backwards version of the normal edition. Collector's Editions are available for both the monthly formats and the collected graphic novels.

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What's this I hear about an 14 month delay in publishing the manga?

There was a long delay in the publishing of Book 5 of the manga in Japan. This is because Sadamoto took a long break (around 14 months in total). This will not affect the Viz's English-language publishing schedule in such a drastic way. Because they started publishing the English version many months after the Japanese version started, the delay has been cut down from 14 months to around 4-5. The last issue of book 4 was published in November (followed by the graphic novel) and the first issue of book 5 is due in the first quarter of 1999.

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NGE Merchandise

Evangelion merchandise? What is this?

Evangelion is hugely popular in Japan, and as such, there is a lot of Eva-related merchandise out there, ranging from CDs to action figures to posters. Very little has been released officially in the West. The old FAQ site had a Merchandise info page.

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Where can I buy Evangelion merchandise?

This is too large a single section to include here so check the link page on the old FAQ site. It includes a lot of DVD, video and retail stores and it will expand as the group gets its collective finger out and supplies Scratchbuilt with the info.

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NGE Computer Games

Iron Maiden (Kôtetsu no Girlfriend)

Mana from Iron MaidenIron Maiden is the offical English name of "Kôtetsu no Girlfriend". It is available on PlayStation, Sega Saturn and PC, but always in Japanese. Although Iron Maiden is an adventure-game it could be called an interactive movie. The Player spends most of the time watching, just getting a few chances to actually take part in the plot. In such cases the player can look/talk/think/move, but eventually the actions barely change the outcome of the plot. (Exception is the end, where the player's choice decides on one of the three possible endings).

The story of Iron Maiden is an independent side plot to the TV-series and takes place at times where Touji has not yet become an EVA-Pilot but Asuka is already in Tokyo-3 for quite a time. All characters from the original series have their place in the story, although some of them (like Rei) are barely significant. [Excerpt from the TapAnime Eva web page.]

The GameFAQs website has a review of the PlayStation version.

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Girlfriend of Steel

Girlfriend of Steel is sometimes used to refer to the game Iron Maiden. It is the direct translation of the Japanese title "Kôtetsu no Girlfriend", where Iron Maiden is the official English title.

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Information Regarding JAE and Netiquette

The Basics of JAE and Usenet

What is JAE?

JAE is the abbreviated name of the "Japan.Anime.Evangelion" newsgroup. This is the FAQ for this newsgroup.

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What is Usenet?

"Before the Web and web browsers, and before email became ubiquitous, online communication meant posting text messages on electronic bulletin boards where others could read and reply to them. Usenet began as a collection of these bulletin boards (now called discussion forums or newsgroups) started in 1979 by Steve Bellovin, Jim Ellis, Tom Truscott, and Steve Daniel at Duke University. Over the years, the number of such newsgroups has grown to the thousands, hosted all over the world and covering every conceivable topic about which humans converse." (Quoted from Google's Usenet Basics page)

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How can I read/post to JAE?

If you have a news-reader program installed then you can point it at the group "japan.anime.evangelion". Some web browsers will accept this link.

If you do not have a news-reader program you can download one from your favourite internet file archive (eg. Tucows). Otherwise you can use Google's usenet service.

There are also other sub-groups to JAE. These lower volume groups are "japan.anime.evangelion.asuka" and "japan.anime.evangelion.ayanami". The group "japan.anime.evangelion.nerv" is also available on some news-servers but not all.

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How can I read old JAE posts?

You can read nearly all past and present JAE posts using Google's usenet archive.

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Netiquette and JAE House Rules

What is netiquette?

"Netiquette [from "network etiquette"] noun. The conventions of politeness recognised in discussion forums, such as avoidance of cross-posting to inappropriate forums and refraining from commercial pluggery outside the business forums." (Quoted from Google's glossary page)

For more information about general Netiquette you can try looking at About.com's Netiquette links.

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What is top/bottom posting?

When you reply to a news group posting you have a couple of options for where to write your response. When you write your response above the quoted text, then you are top posting. When you write your response below the quoted text, then your are bottom posting. Please make sure that you do include some of the message you are replying to, so others reader can follow the discussion.

There is a general preference for bottom posting as this is somewhat easier to follow in multi-message threads. Please try to bottom post, unless you have a very good reason not to.

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Can I post in HTML?

No! There is no good reason to post in HTML. not everyone can read HTML formatted messages so they should not be used.

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Can I post my new fanfic to JAE?

Please don't. If you have a new fanfic you want people to see it is best to upload it to a webpage and then post a link to it there. There is also a newsgroup "rec.arts.anime.creative" which is where new fanfics should posted.

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Can I post my new fanart to JAE?

Please don't. If you have a new picture you want people to see it is best to upload it to a webpage and then post a link to it there. There is also a newsgroup "rec.arts.anime.creative" which allows fanart to be posted.

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Why are people posting in French/German/Japanese/Gibberish?

The usual answer to this is "Why are you posting in English to a Japanese newsgroup?" The originally Japanese newsgroup has been taken over by fans from all over the world. English is written predominantly, but threads will be written in other languages when approriate.

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How can I set Outlook Express not to break the rules by default?

The first thing is to set Outlook Express to send plain text by default. This should stop it from sending HTML formatted messages without you knowing.

The next thing is bottom posting. Outlook Express puts the cursor at the start of the message. You should move your cursor to the end of the message before you enter your reply.

Another item related to bottom posting is putting your signature at the bottom of your reply. Outlook Express puts the signature at the top of the message. One way around this is not to automatically add the signature, put place the "signature" button on the tool bar. Then at the end of the message you can quickly add your signature.

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What's this "Google" people keep telling me to use?

Google is a search engine which can be used to search archived Usenet posts.

(Quoted from Google Groups Help) "Google Groups contains the entire archive of Usenet discussion groups dating back to 1995. These discussions cover the full range of human discourse and provide a fascinating look at evolving viewpoints, debate and advice on every subject from politics to technology. Google's search feature enables users to access this wealth of information with the speed and efficiency of a Google web search, providing relevant results from a database containing more than 600 million posts."

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Which spelling of Gendo, Gendou, Gendô, Gendoh is correct?

GendouCommander Ikari's first name should have a long "o". So Gendou, Gendô and Gendoh are correct.

Gendo is not strictly correct, but is used by many people who find it shorter. No one really uses Gendoh.

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Tessai's FTP server has a number of Evangelion videos on it, including a sub of the "End of Evangelion" movie.

The FTP address is: tessai.kicks-ass.net

The username is: "evalow" (for 6k max) or "evahigh" (for 12k max). Please make sure that you use the correct one for your connection. If you abuse this service you and probably your ISP will be banned!

The password is: "movie"

Disable passive (PASV) transfer mode. If you don't, you won't be able to connect.

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A note on occidental NGE web sites

There are many of Evangelion related web sites out on the Internet. Many of these pages just repeat information previously found on other sites. The problem is there is quite a lot of misleading, or downright wrong, information being copied around.

Just remember: "Don't believe anything you read. Except this."

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Specific Questions Regarding the Series

This FAQ was originally not going to include a section for series specific questions, however with the amount of similar questions being asked time and time again, it seems sensible to include a section. Beware, this section does include spoilers! If I include "Like with a lot of things in NGE, this is up to interpretation.", it means there is no one theory that explains the situation, and it is usually best to make up your own mind.

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Common Misconceptions

Who Killed Kaji?

KajiA mystery indeed. The very simple answer is that we don't know the character that killed Kaji (we NEVER see them in the series or movies). It was most likely a member of NERV, SEELE or the JSSDF. This mystery is never resolved (and probably never will be). GAINAX officially announced that it was a "third person" from SEELE or one of the intelligence division from NERV.

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What does LCL/N² does for?

It is not believed that an official source has ever made it clear what these acronyms stand for.

Quite a few resources (semi-official as well as fan based) say that they stand for "Link Connect Liquid" and "Non-Nuclear". These titles have appeared in ADV's translated manga, but since the original (Japanese) manga never included this it is believed to be as reliable as ADV's liner notes. Which is not very.

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Did Touji lose an arm when Unit 03 was destroyed?

When we see Touji in the hospital when Hikari is there, we can see that he has clearly lost a leg, and his left arm is not in view. This does not mean he lost the arm. We can see both of his arms intact when he is being pulled from the entry plug, and in the storyboards for the EoE movie he is shown playing basketball in a wheelchair, with two arms. So contrary to popular belief, HE DID NOT LOSE AN ARM. Never ever say this on the group. Both of Touji's arms survived and any arguments otherwise are futile.

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What was the First Impact?

The MoonThe first impact was a meteor collision with earth 4 billion years ago that dislodged the moon from the earth (so essentially created the moon). It is NOT the meteor that impacted with the earth and wiped out the dinosaurs (there were no dinosaurs 4 billion years ago), and it is NOT the biblical flood that centres around Noah. We know it is a meteor that created the moon because in episode 7 it is written in a document that is shown.

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What's all this I hear about the "Barons of Hell"?

At least one Eva site says that the actual designs of various EVA robots parallel medieval Christianity's description of the various "Barons of Hell". One Baron of Hell was said to have a featureless face except for a single large eye (EVA-00). The Baron of Darkness was described as having a large singular horn and numerous great gnashing teeth (EVA-01). Another Baron of Hell was described as blood red and a face with four eyes and two mouths (EVA-02). The fourth Baron of Hell was said to be black as pitch and had unnaturally long arms (EVA-03).

But, no member of the group has ever found conculsive proof of these Barons' descriptions. The only places we have found the description of these Barons of Hell is on other Evangleion sites. It does not appear to exist in religious texts. So these Barons appear to be some fan's creation. It may have started from this post from Gannon on March the 10th, 1998.

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What is the Giant in Terminal Dogma?

LilithIn the basement of NERV, there is a giant nailed to a red cross which we first see when Kaji shows Misato. At this point it is referred to as Adam. However, we have already been introduced to Adam as the embryo that Kaji smuggled from Germany (episode 8). The Giant on the cross is Lilith, the small embryo is Adam.

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What is the Giant of Light seen during Second Impact?

AdamDuring second impact a giant being of light is seen. This is Adam (The first Angel) before he (it?) was reduced to an embryo.

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Who's soul is in Unit 00?

It is unknown.

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The Children were conceived during Second Impact

Their birth dates have absolutely no relevance.

Ikari Shinji is born on the 6th of June. He's dubbed by Ogata Megumi. Ogata Megumi is born on the 6th of June.

Katsuragi Misato: December, 8th - Mitsuishi Kotono: December, 8th

Akagi Ritsuko: November, 21th - Yamaguchi Yuriko: November, 21th

Souryuu Asuka Langley: December, 4th - Miyamura Yuuko: December, 4th

Ikari Gendou: April, 29th - Tachiki Fumihiko: April, 29th

Fuyutsuki Kouzou: April, 9th - Kiyokawa Motomu: April, 9th

Kaji Ryouji: June, 17th - Yamadera Kouichi: June, 17th

Horaki Hikari: February, 18th - Iwao Junko: February, 18th

Hyuuga Makoto: February, 13th - Yuuki Hiro: February, 13th

Ibuki Maya: July, 11th - Nagasawa Miki: July, 11th

Aoba Shigeru: May, 5th - Koyasu Takehito: May, 5th

Ikari Yui: March, 30th, 1977 - Hayashibara Megumi: March, 30th

The only exceptions are:

Nagisa Kaoru: September, 13th - Ishida Akira: November, 2nd - It's just logical, since he's said to be born on the day of Second Impact. And by the way, this date is just a reference to "Space : 1999", nothing else...

Suzuhara Touji: December, 26th - Seki Tomokazu: September, 8th

Aida Kensuke: September, 12th - Iwanaga Testsuya: June, 24th

I don't know why these two were changed, by it's not for the sake of the "Children conceived before/during/after Second Impact" theories, because:

Since they're in 2nd year, that means Shinji, Asuka, Touji, Kensuke and Hikari were 13 on April the 1st, 2015. So, they were born in this order:

Shinji (July 6, 2001), Kensuke (September 12, 2001), Asuka (December 4, 2001), Touji (December 26, 2001), Hikari (February 18, 2002)

Having Touji born on the 8th of September, 2001 and Kensuke on the 24th of July, 2001 wouldn't have change _anything_ about them being conceived after Second Impact.

So I guess these birth dates are references to something else... Maybe they're the birth dates of the "Suzuhara Touji" and "Aida Kensuke" characters from Murakami Ryuu's novel, "Ai to Gensou no Fascism", for example?

Anyway, like I said, there's nothing to back up these theories. Eva pilots are probably selected because of their age, and that's all...

(Text by Olivier Hagué)

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Is Kiel Lorentz the Wandering Jew?

Kiel LorentzThe wandering Jew is a story about a man who has been cursed by God to walk the earth forever. There is no evidence that Kiel is the wandering Jew.

It is believed that this rumour emerged from "Gendo Ikari's ultimate Eva FAQ" which many describe as "appallingly inaccurate". Even in there it is written that "While it is known that he is the oldest living human on the planet, it is only hypothesized that he is the Wandering Jew of Biblical legend." Again, there is no evidence that Kiel is the oldest living human either.

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Was there an Angel designed but not shown in the series?

When Eva was aired in Japan, a contest took place where Japanese viewers had to draw an original Angel and send it to Gainax. The winner got his Angel drawn by one of the Gainax artists. Anyway that picture was first published in the March 1996 issue of Animage and it had the title "Eva Saishû Kessen" which translates to "last battle of Eva". Now because of this title Animage had to add a note that specified that the picture really had nothing to do with the actual end of the TV series (which by that point hadn't been screened yet).

The Angel was designed by Satou "Diemay" Daimei (Tokyo).

Diemay's AngelHis notes on his sketch are as follows:
* Angel's height: 100 m
* The Core is on its forehead.
* He calls its strange head-horn thing its "Charm Point".
* The 1st and 2nd arms contain "Deutron Rifles" which are "more powerful than the Positron Rifles of the Evas", according to Diemay.
* The 3rd and 4th arms have some kind of claws.

That pictures was never in the series or the movies, or anything else official, it was just a one off drawing by a Gainax artist for a guy who won a competition.

"Diemay" once posted to JAE. He just said (in Japanese) "It's just gossip around here? And they're all foreigners... this is under Japan.*, right? I don't feel like writing here. Bye." and he left.

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What did Gendou say to Ritsuko at the end of EoE?

Near the end of the End of Evangelion movie Gendou whispered something to Ritsuko to which she replied "Liar!" Many people believe that Gendou said "I love you", but this cannot be confirmed. Gendou's line is not in the scripts, storyboards or anywhere else. It seems we were never meant to know what he said. We can only guess.

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Storyline Related Questions

In episode 16, how does Eva 01 get into the Sphere/Shadow after "falling" into the Sea of Dirac?

The Angel LelielWhile a bit complicated to explain fully, it is easiest to think that when Unit 01 was dragged into the Sea of Dirac, it was actually entering another universe, that is kind of parallel with our own. So if Eva 01 was to move about in the parallel universe, then "come back" into our universe, it wouldn't be in the same place that it entered that universe (in other words, spacial coordinates are the same in both universes). So when Unit 01 arrived back in this universe, it arrived actually inside the sphere. Like with a lot of things in NGE, this is up to interpretation.

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In episode 20, how does Shinji's plugsuit get into the Entry Plug?

After Shinji's 400% Synch ratio, he is dissolved/absorbed into the Eva/Entry Plug. However, when he went into the Eva, he was wearing street clothes, and we distinctly see the plug suit. This confuses many of the more vigilant newbies, however Ritsuko explains that Shinji's ego gives a kind of "pseudo substance to his plug suit" (so just watch episode 20 again carefully).

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How does Eva 01 move without power?

Three times during the series we see Eva 01 move without power and sometimes without a conscious pilot. The Evas however are not merely robots, they are living creatures as well, so maybe power is only needed for the pilot / NERV to control the Evas. If power wasn't present, perhaps the creature that the Eva is moves on it's own accord. That is when we see the Eva move without power, it is usually quite berserk. Like with a lot of things in NGE, this is up to interpretation as no hard explanation is given.

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I do not understand Eva! What happened?

"Evangelion is like a puzzle, you know. Any person can see it and give his/her own answer. In other words, we're offering viewers to think by themselves, so that each person can imagine his/her own world. We will never offer the answers, even in the theatrical version. As for many Evangelion viewers, they may expect us to provide the 'all-about Eva' manuals, but there is no such thing. Don't expect to get answers by someone. Don't expect to be catered to all the time. We all have to find our own answers." - Anno Hideaki - PA #43, translated by Miyako Graham from 1 1/96 Newtype

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Minor Details and Interesting Facts

What do the organisation names mean?

The names of the various organisations NERV, SEELE and GEHIRN are taken from the German.

Der Nerv = Nerve

Das Gehirn = Brain

Die Seele = Soul

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Beer and coffee facts

The name of Misato's beer was changed to Yebichu when it was aired on TV and then to Yebisu for the Video release. Boa Beer and it's brand name "Kuroshio Bussan" are references to the Boa Juice from "Sora Tobu Yurei Sen" a 1969 SF anime movie.

She drinks coffee, after Kaji's death. "UCG" is a reference to an actual coffee brand called "UCC" (Anno's favourite coffee brand ^^).

Information supplied by Olivier Hagué

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The timeline of NGE

Scratchbuilt's FAQ has a good timeline of events.

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What do the characters' names mean?

The following information was taken from the Essay page on Anno's official web page. It was translated by massangeana (Ken Masuyma).

Ikari Shinji: Ikari [anchor] is a component of a ship. It's also the name of my friend when I was a college student. Shinji is also named after my friend for many years [Higuchi Shinji]. Since both his wife and daughter's names are used as Anime characters, I wanted to make them an anime family. Sorry, Shin-chan.

Ayanami Rei: Ayanami is named after a ship of the former Japan navy. Rei is just a pun of 'rei' [zero], but actually named after Hino Rei of Sailor Moon. It was a beit to invite Iku-chan (Ikuhara Kunihiko) as a staff, but he ran away. Too bad.

Souryuu Asuka Langley: Souryuu is named after a ship of the former Japan navy [different kanji]. Langley from the US navy ship. Asuka is named after Wada Shinji's manga heroine ["Chou-Shoujo Asuka"].

Katsuragi Misato: Katsuragi is named after a ship of the former Japan navy. Misato is a heroine of Narita Minako's manga [Izumi Misato of "Aitsu"].

Kaji Ryouji: Kaji [rudder] is a component of a ship. Ryouji is also from a hero of Narita Minako's manga [Sawada Ryouji of "Aitsu"].

Ikari Gendou: Gendou is borrowed from another anime project that was aborted. I didn't notice Gendou and Shinji is the same combination with Ishikawa Ken's manga until one of my friends pointed out. [I think he means Kuruma Shin'ichi and Kuruma Genzou of "Majuu Sensen"] His former name Rokubungi [sextant] is also a component of a ship. Just FYI, Asuka Rei of "Reideen" is also a coincidence.

Fuyutsuki Kouzou: Fuyutsuki is named after a ship of the former Japan navy. Kouzou is just I thought it sounds well.

Ikari Yui: Yui sounds like Rei, and also a pun [only one].

Kiel Lorentz: Kiel is a component of a ship [keel]. Lorentz is named after a zoologist or something, but I can't remember well. Am I becoming senile? Oh, well.

Akagi Naoko: Naoko is named after a friend of mine when I was an elementary school child.

Souryuu Kyouko Zeppelin: Kyouko is also from Wada Shinji's manga. Zeppelin is named after a ship of the German navy that was never completed.

Pen-Pen: Super straightforward naming, but I thought the reduplication sounds cute. His official name is the 2nd power of Pen. I was reluctant at first, but it appeared the show because we thought we need a mascot animal. The show is set in a hot-spring resort Hakone, and one associates a monkey to a hot-spring. But that is no fun, so we decided to make it a penguin, most unsuited animal in a hot-spring. I remember "Hot-spring penguin" is Sadamoto's idea.

Hyuuga Makoto: Hyuuga is named after a ship of the former Japan navy, but what was Makoto? I don't remember. Maybe because I liked Shinsen-gumi of Shiba Ryou[tarou]? Sorry, I'm not sure about this one either.

Aoba Shigeru: Aoba is named after a ship of the former Japan navy. Shigeru is a spoof of the movie title "Aoba Shigereru" directed by Okamoto Kihachi.

Ibuki Maya: Both Ibuki and Maya are named after a ship of the former Japan navy because they sounded good. Ibuki is also the name of the captain in "Kaette kita Ultraman," my personal favorite. I chose Maya because I love Takao-class heavy cruisers best after Yamato-class battleships.

Suzuhara Touji: I borrowed his name from Murakami Ryuu's novel ["Ai to Gensou no Fascism"] I read on my friend's recommendation.

Aida Kensuke: Also from Murakami's novel. BTW I was just interested in a character "Zero" in this novel, rather than the story about revolution and dictatorship itself.

Horaki Hikari: Horaki also comes from Murakami's novel. Hikari, and her sisters Nozomi and Kodama are Tokaido Shinkansen express train names.

Nagisa Kaworu: This character was named by the screenplay writer Satsukawa Akio. Nagisa [beach] is a name related to the sea. Also the kanji 'nagisa' consists of katakana SHI and kanji SHA, therefore he's SHISHA (angel). He said it also comes from the movie director Oshima Nagisa. But what is Kaworu? Sorry, I will ask him next time.

Tokita [Shirou], Manda and Yasugi of episode 7 also come from Murakami's novel. Takahashi Nozoku of episode 11 comes from the name of a production manager and my friend [Takahashi Nozomu of Studio Ghibli. Actually Ghibli did animation work of this episode]. It's a in-joke by staff. Characters in episode 15 etc. names also follow a hidden convention. Guessing the rule might be fun when you have time.

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What do the Angels' names mean?

1st Angel: Adam
2nd Angel: Lilith
3rd Angel: Sachiel (water)
4th Angel: Shamshel (day)
5th Angel: Ramiel (thunder)
6th Angel: Gaghiel (fish)
7th Angel: Israfel (music)
8th Angel: Sandalphon (embryo)
9th Angel: Matarael (rain)
10th Angel: Sahaquiel (sky)
11th Angel: Ireul (fear)
12th Angel: Leliel (night)
13th Angel: Bardiel (hail)
14th Angel: Zeruel (strength)
15th Angel: Arael (bird)
16th Angel: Armisael (womb)
17th Angel: Tabris (free will)
18th Angel: Lilin (humans)

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What are the characters' blood types?

Ikari Shinji : A (Ogata Megumi : B)
Katsuragi Misato : AO (Mitsuishi Kotono : AO)
Ayanami Rei : unknown (Hayashibara Megumi : O)
Sôryû Asuka Langley : O (Miyamura Yûko : O)
Akagi Ritsuko : B (Yamaguchi Yuriko : B)
Ikari Gendô : A (Tachiki Fumihiko : A)
Fuyutsuki Kôzô : AB (Kiyokawa Motomu : AB)

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Where can I find out more about Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac?

You can try searching Google for information.

(From Encyclopedia.com) "Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice Pronounced As: dirak , 1902-84, English physicist. He was educated at the Univ. of Bristol and St. John's College, Cambridge, and became professor of mathematics at Cambridge in 1932. In 1928, Dirac published a version of quantum mechanics that took into account the theory of relativity (see quantum theory). One consequence of his theory was the prediction of negative energy states for the electron, implying the existence of an antiparticle to the electron; this antiparticle, the positron, was discovered in 1932 by C. D. Anderson. Dirac's equation for the motion of a particle is a relativistic modification of the Schrödinger wave equation, the basic equation of quantum mechanics. For their work Dirac and Erwin Schrödinger shared the 1933 Nobel Prize in Physics. Dirac also received the Copley Medal of the Royal Society in 1952 for this and other contributions to the quantum theory, including his formulation (with Enrico Fermi) of the Fermi-Dirac statistics and his work on the quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation. He wrote The Principles of Quantum Mechanics (1930, 4th ed. 1958)."

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Why do people sometimes refer to NGE as "Shin Seiki Evangelion"?

"Shin Seiki Evangelion" is the name of the Japanese series we all know and love. On the title frame from the series, the small Japanese writing above the word "Evangelion" mean "Shinseiki" (with the 1st character being "shin", the 2nd "sei" and the 3rd "ki"), and are written in Kanji. The writing under "Evangelion" is katakana, and it says "Evangelion". If you're wondering how you get a "va" in Katakana, it's an "u" with tenten followed by a small "a". (Though this is only ever written. When speaking, people say "Eba" or "Ebangerion".)

The name used in the English speaking world is "Neon Gensis Evangelion" which was selected by Gainax. "Shinseiki" can be translated to "new century".

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A brief note on The Lance of Longinus

The Lance of LonginusThe 'Lance of Longinus' as seen in NGE, is a huge spear shaped like a double helix. It was used by Ayamani to destroy the 15th angel, Arael. It is also necessary for Seele's version of the Human Completion Project. This is definitely a reference to the Biblical character Saint Longinus

(Taken from Catholic Online Saints)

"St. Longinus is the centurion who pierced the side of Our Lord while He was hanging on the Cross. St. Longinus, who was nearly blind, was healed when some of the blood and water from Jesus fell into his eyes. It was then he exclaimed "Indeed, this was the Son of God!" [Mark 15:39]. St. Longinus then converted, Left the army, took instruction from the apostles and became a monk in Cappadocia. There he was arrested for his faith, his teeth forced out and tongue cut off. However, St. Longinus miraculously continued to speak clearly and managed to destroy several idols in the presence of the governor. The governor, who was made blind by the demons that came from the idols, had his sight restored when St. Longinus was being beheaded, because his blood came in contact with the governors' eyes. St. Longinus' relics are now in the church of St Augustine, in Rome. His Lance is contained in one of the four pillars over the altar in the Basilica of St Peter's in Rome."

Text supplied by David Scarlett

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Shinji's photo of Misato

The kiss mark on the photo of Misato that Shinji holds is by a female staff of GAINAX studio. The handwriting on the same photo is that of the Director himself.

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Misato's Car

Misato's car is a Renault Alpine A-310 1600VE. She has 2 of these cars, the one in episode 1 is a modified version, with a right hand steering wheel and battery powered. Her second car appears in episode 4 (non-modified) which is left side steering and petrol powered. She is a car maniac and also has a number of other classic (in that era) cars.

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The Geofront

The GeoFront is 900m high, and 6km across. Access is by car train and monorail.

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The A^10 Nerve

The Evangelion are controlled mainly by linking with the cranial nerves of the pilot. Of these, the most important is this A^10 nerve. The human brain stem has four rows of neural nuclei running vertically along its center, and the two outside rows of this arrangement are called the A nerves. Counting from the bottom, the tenth nerve in these rows is the A^10 nerve. The A^10 nerve passes from the brain stem through the lower optic thalamus and is distributed to the sincipital portion of the cerebral cortex comprising most of the frontal, parietal and temporal lobes. It is associated with higher order brain functions such as memory, cognisance and the execution of movement, and with emotions such as anxiety, fear, happiness and pleasure. In addition, it is also said to play an important role in affection between parent and child, and between lovers. [From the Death & Rebirth theatrical program, supplied by Michael Wignall]

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How big are the Evangelion units?

The official height of an Evangelion changes between 40 and 200 meters (130-650 feet). The Evas literally change in height from situation to situation. The animators make them however big they want them to be for dramatic effect, in some cases they climb up buildings, in others they easily step over them.

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What is the symbolism of the cross in Evangelion?

When assistant director Kazuya Tsurumaki was asked, at Otakon 2001, "Can you explain the symbolism of the cross in Evangelion?" He replied:

"There are a lot of giant robot shows in Japan, and we did want our story to have a religious theme to help distinguish us. Because Christianity is an uncommon religion in Japan we thought it would be mysterious. None of the staff who worked on Eva are Christians. There is no actual Christian meaning to the show, we just thought the visual symbols of Christianity look cool. If we had known the show would get distributed in the US and Europe we might have rethought that choice."

[Supplied by Michael Wignall]

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Specific Questions Regarding the Movies

Movie Releases and Related Information

How many NGE movies are there?

Three. "Evangelion: Death and Rebirth" (Which contains "Evangelion: Death" and "Evangelion: Rebirth"), "The End of Evangelion" (Which contains "Air", and "Magokoro o, Kimi ni"), and Revival of Evangelion (Contains "Evangelion: Death (True)²", "Air" and "Magokoro o, Kimi ni")

"Evangelion: Death" is some kind of "recap" of episodes 1-24. "Evangelion: Death (True)²" is the third and last version (a "director's cut"). (about 70 minute long?)

"Evangelion: Rebirth" is the beginning of episode 25'. (about 30 minute long?)

"Air" is episode 25'. (about 45 minute long)

"Magokoro o, Kimi ni" is episode 26'. (about 45 minute long)

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When/how are they being released outside of Japan?

The movies are being released by Manga Entertainment.

The release date for Death and Rebirth was July 30. The release date of End of Evangelion is set for September 24. They're being released in Dub and Sub VHS and DVD formats.

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Are episodes 25 & 26 an alternate ending to the End of Evangelion movie?

No. Episodes 25 & 26 (the ones released by ADV) are concurrent with the End of Evangelion movie, albeit from a different perspective. Episodes 25 & 26 is an ending for the characters within NGE, while the End of Evangelion movie is the story ending to NGE. They are concurrent as scenes in Episodes 25 & 26 show scenes in EoE.

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Was the song, "Komm, Süsser Tod" written especially for the movie?

Yes. Anno originally wrote a piece in Japanese (it is included in the "The End of Evangelion" CD booklet) which set the mood for the song. The song was meant to be subtitled in Japanese during the movie.

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The Movie Pamphlets

What is the EoE Pamphlet/Red Cross Book?

The End of Evangelion - Theatrical Program is a booklet in a landscape A4 setting which was first sold during The End of Evangelion's initial theatrical run in Japan. It originally cost ¥800 and is black except for a Red Cross stamped across the cover that says "The End of Evangelion"

The booklet is divided into several sections which include notations from the Japanese Voice Actors, an interview with Deputy Director Kazuya Tsurumaki and scene summaries. It also includes a Production, a Commentary and a Glossary section which were by far the most interesting because they talked about why the films were made and what went on during their production.

The information within The End of Evangelion - Theatrical Program is considered official and canon because the booklet was approved as accurate by the Gainax staff of Evangelion. This is one of the only instances where we have heard Gainax's direct words on the different mysteries of Neon Genesis Evangelion and is considered by fans to be the one true Gospel.

[Michael Wignall's preface to Bochan_Bird's translation]

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Questions With Movie Spoilers

Is Lilith's soul in Rei?

Yes. The most obvious indicator is when Rei returns to Lilith.

Rei: "Tadaimai" ("I'm back")
Lilith: "Okaerinasai" ("Welcome home")

There is also the Rei Ayanami passage in the EoE theatrical program which states: "The First Children, and dedicated pilot of Eva-00. A young girl who apparently lacks emotions. Her body was created from the salvaged remains of Yui Ikari after Yui was taken into the Eva, and numerous Rei clones were then prepared in Terminal Dogma so that when one Rei dies she can be replaced by another. The present Rei is the third. The first was killed by Dr. Naoko Akagi, and the second died in battle against the 16th Angel. Although the personalities of these three Reis differ from one another, this is due to environmental factors. Their soul is one and the same, and it appears to have been that of Lilith. At the final stage of the Instrumentality Project, Rei betrayed Gendou Ikari, returned to Lilith of her own judgment and entrusted the future to Gendou's son - Shinji Ikari. Birth date: unknown."

So that states directly that Rei has Lilith's soul. (Taken from a post by Michael Wignall)

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What are the white and black moons?

The White moon is a cavity in the Arctic where Adam was found (by the Katsuragi expedition). In the redone episode 21 we see a subterranean scan of the Arctic which shows the White Moon. The Black Moon is the Geofront (where the Pyramid and NERV reside). The white moon is where Adam was found, and the Black Moon is where Lilith was found (though never stated, it is a logical assumption), the Black Moon has also been called "Lilith's Egg" in the EoE movie.

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Where was Lilith found?

It is assumed that Lilith was found inside the partially filled Geofront ("Black Moon").

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Are Rei and Shinji having sex in the "Sea of LCL" scene?

No. Since Rei is just sitting there at most they could be having symbolic intercourse, which would be representing a union.

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Who are the 3 women seen standing during the live action scene?

You can see Asuka (Miyamura Yûko), Misato (Mitsuishi Kotono) and Rei (Hayashibara Megumi).

"These scenes are excerpts of what the live action sequence of episode 26' was supposed to be. Anno couldn't make it correctly (for reasons I'm not aware of), so all we can see is a few live shots of Tokyo and the one you noticed with "Rei", "Asuka" and "Misato", with Shinji and Rei talking in background." (From a post by Olivier Hagué)

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Are Shinji and Asuka left to repopulate the world?

Not really. As Rei said, "As long as your heart can imagine your own shape, everyone can return to the human form." And then Yui said, "Don't worry, every single life-form has the power to return to their original form. Every life-form has the power to live." This suggests that everyone is able to return to earth when they want to. It has been suggested that Shinji and Asuka are just the first to return.

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Is the final scene dream or reality?

The final scene, of Shinji and Asuka on the beach, is reality. Originally it was planned to be longer showing the graves of the people who had died. This would have shown that a reasonable amount of time had passed.

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What was going on with Gendou's hand in the beginning of ep 26'?

Gendou had Adam embedded into his hand.

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Why is Shinji strangling Asuka at the end?

We don't know how long either of them were there on the beach, we don't know how long Shinji may have been alone in the world, and we don't really know if Asuka just happened to materialize during that scene, or if she had returned sometime earlier. At any rate, if Shinji returned to an empty world, even if for a few days, the feeling of being the only person left in the world can be a very disturbing though. With Shinji, that thought would be even more disturbing, especially if he began to blame himself for TI. We've seen how fragile both Shinji's and Asuka's psyches can be. It may not take much to push Shinji over the edge, into a state of mild psychosis. Anno does give some clues that Shinji had been back on Earth for some time, but there's no solid evidence to show how long he'd been there. And we don't see Asuka return per se, so she may have been with Shinji for some time.

(Posted by Vaughn L.Porter)

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Fan-Art, Fan-Fiction and Hentai

Where can I get Evangelion fanfiction?

There is a lot of Evangelion fanfiction. The following sites are considered by regulars to be some of the best on the net: - Evangelion:R - Asuka's Notebook - Disaster's Fanfiction. Or you could try the Anime Web Turnpike these are all to be found on the links pages.

A good archive of fan fics can be found at the r.a.a.c ftp site.

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Where can I get NGE Fan Art?

There are many sites on the Internet. A quick search should turn up a number of them. Disaster's website has a large number of pictures of Rei.

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Where can I get Evangelion images?

You could try searching the Anime Web Turnpike. Take note that Gainax, the producers of Evangelion, have published a list of images that they approve for website use, so if that's your aim it might be useful to visit Gainax's site for more info.

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Where can I get Anime Music Videos?

Many file sharing networks host anime music videos, including Evangelion ones.

Some you can try are:
* Direct Connect
* Kazza Lite

Some web sites you can try:
* Anime Music Videos
* Doki Doki Productions
* Aluminum Studios

But there are many others, so try searching the web.

Tessai's FTP server also has some videos.

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Fan Fiction lingo

There are number of words or acronyms which are used in relation to fan created fiction (FanFics). Here are a few:

Lime - Sometimes called lemon scented. These fanfics make passing references to sex or sexuality. Nothing too strong, but they may suggest things...

Lemon - This usually means were will be sex scenes depicted. It does not mean that this is a full porno, but it is for adult readers.

ACC - Author Created Character(s). This means that the author has created a character and used them in the story. This is usually seen when the author is writing in a well known Anime universe but has included a new character.

SI - Self Insertion. This means that the author has written themself into their story. This is usually seen when the author is writing in a well known Anime universe but has included theirself, often as the hero.

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Hentai, Ecchi, Etc

Where can I get NGE Hentai?

Like most successful anime, Evangelion does contain it's own underground of Hentai (pornographic images/movies/manga). You will find no Hentai in this site. There is a "well known" (or infamous) Eva Hentai video, this is available to download from Tessai's FTP site.

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What's the difference between hentai/ecchi/doujinshi/etc?

When David Watson was asked on RAAM "What exactly is the difference between hentai and ecchi anime?" his answer was: "If a Japanese woman calls you an ecchi, you still have a chance with her. If a Japanese woman calls you a hentai, forget about it."

"Hentai" means "pervert". "Ecchi" is the Japanese pronunciation of the letter H (for "Hentai").

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FAQ Related

Thanks to...

The first thanks should go to Olivier Hagué who has supplied much of the information in the FAQ.

Thanks should also go out to the many people who first worked on this FAQ. Daniel Fawcett started the FAQ and later it was taken over by Mercurius. More recently Scratchbuilt maintained and hosted the FAQ.

Thanks to David Scarlett for suggesting additional questions for this FAQ, Vaughn L.Porter, Rudolf Polzer and Michael Wignall for providing material.

And thanks to all be members of JAE who helped to review and fill out this FAQ.

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Where can I get the latest version of this wonderful JAE FAQ?

The homepage for this FAQ would be the best location to find the latest version.

Both a HTML and Text version are available.

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There is something wrong or missing in this FAQ, what do I do?

For small typos or formatting errors please email me at "faq (at) pen3.cjb.net". For major errors and additions please post a message to JAE and include "FAQ" in the subject. If your suggestion stands up to the regular members in the group then I will make the changes.

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FAQ Changes

Changes made to this FAQ:

Version 0.3.1 - Added full name of Misato's car, from James Gammell (evamonkeyn2).

Version 0.3.0 - Added note about PASV mode to The FTP section.

Version 0.2.9 - Added link to Google's newsgroup archive.

Version 0.2.8 - Added section on cross symbolism, and replaced section on the A^10 nerve with text from Death & Rebirth theatrical program.

Version 0.2.7 - Added Michael Wignall's preface and link to Bochan_Bird's EoE Pamphlet translation.

Version 0.2.6 - Added sections for the size of the Evas and what Gendou said to Ritsuko at the end of EoE. Updated the Anime Music Videos, EoE Pamphlet Issues and Occidental Websites sections.

Version 0.2.5 - Filled in anime music videos and movie release sections.

Version 0.2.4 - Changed The FTP IP address to a DynamicDNS.

Version 0.2.3 - Guess who's FTP IP address has changed again.

Version 0.2.2 - Updated Tessai's FTP IP Address, again.

Version 0.2.1 - Made some updates based on some feedback from Olivier Hagué.

Version 0.2.0 - Updated to try to follow HTML 4.01 standard. Also changed some formatting.

Version 0.1.9 - Added info to "What's with the overlays?" question. Thanks to KBD.

Version 0.1.8 - Added more information from Disaster.

Version 0.1.7 - Updated Tessai's FTP IP Address.

Version 0.1.6 - Added track listings of Evangelion Music CDs.

Version 0.1.5 - Changed HTML colours, added more images and added link to the redone episodes section.

Version 0.1.4 - Made update to Touji's lost arm section as per David Scarlett's post. Added information in "Lilith's soul in Rei" by Michael Wignall. Added more information on the "Barons of Hell" section. Added section on Diemay's Angel.

Version 0.1.3 - Did some minor rewording and fix typos.

Version 0.1.2 - Made additions to Iron Maiden and added pictures.

Version 0.1.1 - Ran the spellchequer.

Version 0.1.0 - Added Iron Maiden, timeline and other sections.

Version 0.0.9 - Updated "Komm, Süsser Tod" song section.

Version 0.0.8 - Added LCL/ and "Komm, Süsser Tod" song sections.

Version 0.0.7 - Added "Why is Shinji strangling Asuka at the end?" question.

Version 0.0.6 - Added Gendou spelling question.

Version 0.0.5 - Added new entries and filled in some more missing ones.

Version 0.0.4 - Updated Usenet, Google, Netiquette and other entries.

Version 0.0.3 - Updated entries with previous posted JAE messages.

Version 0.0.2 - Added additional questions based on ones suggested by David Scarlett.

Version 0.0.1 - Reformatted version taken from Scratchbuilt's EvaFAQ site.

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