We know more
about stars than we know about the bottom of the oceans. The
light from the stars are carefully analysed and reveal
the atomic reactions taking place. Such studies show that a star has a
life, it is born in a dust cloud, and ends when the fuel gives out.
The heavier stars collapse with a big explosion causing the higher
elements to form.
There are said to be 3 generations of stars, the
first stars were made from the simplest elements which only produced a
small amount of higher elements when they collapsed. It is
believed that it took 3 generations of stars to produce enough higher
elements to make possible the formation of life from the smallest microbe
Had the stars not been able to produce the
higher elements we would not be
The earth was formed some 4.5 million
years ago. It was hot due to its internal heat, the sun at that time only
produced about 75% of the heat it does now. There was little free oxygen
but plenty of CO2 and methane from volcanoes etc. Recent research at the
University of Western Australia has confirmed the view that cyanobacteria
across the world first had to oxidize the banded iron formations (turning
Australia's land red) before they could fill the atmosphere with 21%
Had the bacteria not provided the oxygen we would not be
Evolution continued but there were 5
extermination events when the CO2 was very high, it took many thousand
years before this content was reduced to normal levels and evolution could
continue on a different course. During the last 11,000 years the climate
was good, we had come out of the ice age and the medieval warming and the
little ice age were only minor problems.
During the last 150
years the world has been industrialized, we have burnt coal and oil to
warm our homes, to transport us everywhere and run industries. The CO2
level, which had not risen above 280 parts per million during the past
600,000 years, has now reached 395 ppm and rising. Warnings have been
issued by most scientists and research labs- "we must reduce the burning
of fossil fuels"
The fires, the floods, the droughts and the dead fish
washed up at Moana to Maslin beach and other places across the world due
to a temperature increase - are all
But we continue
to burn more coal and oil and have made negligible headway in convincing
the world that we must promote solar energy and reduce fossil fuels to the
A Guardian report 27/3/03) shows that recent rises in
world temperature were correctly predicted by scientists 15 years
If we fail then I look at my grandchildren and
realise that their children's children will never be
Is it so very difficult? Well of course
it is. There is a paper which tells us that to stop the temperature rising
we must keep 4/5ths of the coal, oil and gas below the ground. The
owners and suppliers of fossil fuels will think of the value of their
product in terms of cash and will feel robbed and insulted. But they know
the science better than most of us and must be pushed into accepting the
need to convert to solar energy.
So what needs to be done?
Every industry, business, and home must prepare a plan to convert all
their processes to solar working.
2 Because these plans will require a
lot of new metal work then all metal smelters must be converted to solar
working. Solar metal smelters have been built in France.
3 Large scale
concentrating solar electrical generators must be built. This could be a
field of mirrors on top of the coal yards of existing steam plants
focussed on a receptor tower to supply steam, or it could be a dedicated
new plant situated where the sun is stronger. It is a disgrace that no
such plant exists in Australia when we have as much sun as California and
4 All new cars must be built to run on batteries. Existing cars
and vans could have their engines removed and an electric motor fitted,
and batteries could be fitted in a trailer.
5 Petrol stations to be
converted to charging stations. (Note- Not all cars need to be charged at
home. Cars should be designed with a slide in/ slide out tray so your
discharged battery could be exchanged for a recharged battery in seconds,
enabling you to continue your journey across Australia. The battery could
be owned by the charging station which would halve the cost of a new
6 Cement manufactures should convert to making green cement
as is made in Victoria.
7 Coal exports to be controlled by a reducing
8 Solar plant to be exported around the world and the UN should be
asked to encourage all countries to adopt similar policies.
with nations that are not adopting these principals should be taxed and
subsidies given to trade with nations that are actually cutting
10 Retrain Miners as Solar
11 More research for batteries and collectors.
will be complained that there is insufficient money available to achieve
this. Yes of course, the monetary system is inadequate to provide for
current development right now.
Look at the unemployment in the USA
9.6% and Britain 7.8%, France 9.3%, Spain 20.1%, Italy 8.4%, Greece 12.5%,
Cyprus 6.2%, with youth unemployment up to 50% in Spain. (Figures from
World Bank web page at Dec 2012)
While the banks are trying to save
their currencies, if they continue their present policies of cutting
expenditure then the system will collapse taking Australian Banks with
It should be noted that Britain's conservative government has
passed a bill permitting the Bank of England to print money for
development purposes. We do not know how this power will be used but it is
clear that that they do not trust the economist’s solution involving cuts
to welfare and other expenditure leaving less money for development. This
important reform could make many things possible. We should be demanding
from our newspapers that they should discuss financial reform including
the “American Monetary Act” by Zarlenga and the “Manning Plan for
Permanent Debt Reduction in the National Economy” by Lowell Manning, New
Zealand. (Google will find these papers for you)
It will also be
claimed that printing money is inevitably inflationary – not true as the
history of the little channel island of Guernsey will show.
Guernsey was broke. They printed a modest amount of money and built roads,
sea defences, a school and a market and did this intermittently for over
100 years without inflation, very low unemployment and a higher degree of
prosperity than many other places. No interest was charged,
normal taxes were paid, particularly the tax on imported liquor which
cleared the debts owed to the banks. The note issue was redeemed but a
new one was issued and this process was continued for over 100 years even
to the present day without
(Google “the Guernsey experiment” for the full story
but don’t be deceived by the articles written by the bankers.)
You may well ask why other countries
haven’t adopted these methods. The answer is that many are not in control
of their currency, and those that have received loans from the World Bank
and the IMF are tied up with clauses preventing them from acting. Some
rulers and governments are just too friendly to the banks.
countries have refused international loans and regulations. Iceland from
the 2008 crash, is recovering slowly, and Malaysia some years earlier is
now quite prosperous.
should be realised that infrastructure and public assets, are not expected
to raise profits and neither should expenditure necessary to convert to
solar working. Hence the system we use to create money should not carry
either interest or debt.
It is sadly
apparent that our leaders are making insufficient moves to remedy our
situation. It is therefore essential for ordinary people like you to copy
and distribute this leaflet, send to your industry leaders, politicians,
bankers, preachers and friends.
Failure will mean that your
children's grand children may never exist, and those special well educated
children will never get the chance to solve the world’s problems.
Former President Humanist Society of
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